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Validation of a novel protocol for calculating estimated energy requirements and average daily physical activity ratio for the US population: 2005-2006.
Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Dec; 88(12):1398-407.MC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To validate the PAR protocol, a novel method for calculating population-level estimated energy requirements (EERs) and average physical activity ratio (APAR), in a nationally representative sample of US adults.

METHODS

Estimates of EER and APAR values were calculated via a factorial equation from a nationally representative sample of 2597 adults aged 20 and 74 years (US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; data collected between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006). Validation of the PAR protocol-derived EER (EER(PAR)) values was performed via comparison with values from the Institute of Medicine EER equations (EER(IOM)).

RESULTS

The correlation between EER(PAR) and EER(IOM) was high (0.98; P<.001). The difference between EER(PAR) and EER(IOM) values ranged from 40 kcal/d (1.2% higher than EER(IOM)) in obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥30) men to 148 kcal/d (5.7% higher) in obese women. The 2005-2006 EERs for the US population were 2940 kcal/d for men and 2275 kcal/d for women and ranged from 3230 kcal/d in obese (BMI ≥30) men to 2026 kcal/d in normal weight (BMI <25) women. There were significant inverse relationships between APAR and both obesity and age. For men and women, the APAR values were 1.53 and 1.52, respectively. Obese men and women had lower APAR values than normal weight individuals (P¼.023 and P¼.015, respectively) [corrected], and younger individuals had higher APAR values than older individuals (P<.001).

CONCLUSION

The PAR protocol is an accurate method for deriving nationally representative estimates of EER and APAR values. These descriptive data provide novel quantitative baseline values for future investigations into associations of physical activity and health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia. Electronic address: archerec@email.sc.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24290113

Citation

Archer, Edward, et al. "Validation of a Novel Protocol for Calculating Estimated Energy Requirements and Average Daily Physical Activity Ratio for the US Population: 2005-2006." Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 88, no. 12, 2013, pp. 1398-407.
Archer E, Hand GA, Hébert JR, et al. Validation of a novel protocol for calculating estimated energy requirements and average daily physical activity ratio for the US population: 2005-2006. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013;88(12):1398-407.
Archer, E., Hand, G. A., Hébert, J. R., Lau, E. Y., Wang, X., Shook, R. P., Fayad, R., Lavie, C. J., & Blair, S. N. (2013). Validation of a novel protocol for calculating estimated energy requirements and average daily physical activity ratio for the US population: 2005-2006. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(12), 1398-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2013.08.019
Archer E, et al. Validation of a Novel Protocol for Calculating Estimated Energy Requirements and Average Daily Physical Activity Ratio for the US Population: 2005-2006. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013;88(12):1398-407. PubMed PMID: 24290113.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validation of a novel protocol for calculating estimated energy requirements and average daily physical activity ratio for the US population: 2005-2006. AU - Archer,Edward, AU - Hand,Gregory A, AU - Hébert,James R, AU - Lau,Erica Y, AU - Wang,Xuewen, AU - Shook,Robin P, AU - Fayad,Raja, AU - Lavie,Carl J, AU - Blair,Steven N, PY - 2013/05/18/received PY - 2013/07/22/revised PY - 2013/08/15/accepted PY - 2013/12/3/entrez PY - 2013/12/3/pubmed PY - 2014/1/28/medline KW - ACC KW - APAR KW - BMI KW - DLW KW - EE KW - EER KW - IOM KW - Institute of Medicine KW - MET KW - NHANES KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey KW - PA KW - PAR KW - SED KW - WC KW - accelerometry-based physical activity monitor KW - average physical activity ratio KW - body mass index KW - doubly-labeled water KW - energy expenditure KW - estimated energy requirement KW - metabolic equivalent of task KW - physical activity KW - physical activity ratio KW - sedentary KW - waist circumference SP - 1398 EP - 407 JF - Mayo Clinic proceedings JO - Mayo Clin Proc VL - 88 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To validate the PAR protocol, a novel method for calculating population-level estimated energy requirements (EERs) and average physical activity ratio (APAR), in a nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Estimates of EER and APAR values were calculated via a factorial equation from a nationally representative sample of 2597 adults aged 20 and 74 years (US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; data collected between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006). Validation of the PAR protocol-derived EER (EER(PAR)) values was performed via comparison with values from the Institute of Medicine EER equations (EER(IOM)). RESULTS: The correlation between EER(PAR) and EER(IOM) was high (0.98; P<.001). The difference between EER(PAR) and EER(IOM) values ranged from 40 kcal/d (1.2% higher than EER(IOM)) in obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥30) men to 148 kcal/d (5.7% higher) in obese women. The 2005-2006 EERs for the US population were 2940 kcal/d for men and 2275 kcal/d for women and ranged from 3230 kcal/d in obese (BMI ≥30) men to 2026 kcal/d in normal weight (BMI <25) women. There were significant inverse relationships between APAR and both obesity and age. For men and women, the APAR values were 1.53 and 1.52, respectively. Obese men and women had lower APAR values than normal weight individuals (P¼.023 and P¼.015, respectively) [corrected], and younger individuals had higher APAR values than older individuals (P<.001). CONCLUSION: The PAR protocol is an accurate method for deriving nationally representative estimates of EER and APAR values. These descriptive data provide novel quantitative baseline values for future investigations into associations of physical activity and health. SN - 1942-5546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24290113/Validation_of_a_novel_protocol_for_calculating_estimated_energy_requirements_and_average_daily_physical_activity_ratio_for_the_US_population:_2005_2006_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-6196(13)00790-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -