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Molar incisor hypomineralisation and dental caries among children in Slovenia.
Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2013 Sep; 14(3):241-5.EJ

Abstract

AIM

To assess the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) in children in Slovenia and explore the relationship between MIH defects and caries in the primary and permanent dentition, and tooth- and surface-specific associations between MIH defects and caries on first permanent molars (FPM).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The study population was comprised of 558 children aged 6.011.5 years. The prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on FPM and permanent incisors was assessed through clinical examination by a calibrated examiner using the modified DDE Index of the FDI. Also recorded were atypical fillings, post-eruptive enamel breakdowns, and extractions because of MIH. Dental caries was assessed using the WHO criteria.

RESULTS

At least one FPM with MIH defects was found in 21.4% of children. Children with MIH had significantly higher (p<0.05) caries experience in their permanent teeth. In primary teeth, higher caries experience was not statistically significant. MIH defects in FPM were associated with higher caries scores at the tooth (p<0.01), and at the surface (p<0.05) level.

CONCLUSION

MIH is common in Slovenia. Children with MIH are more prone to dental caries development on their permanent teeth. On FPM teeth and surfaces affected with MIH defects, even with only mild demarcated opacities with apparently intact enamel, an increased caries experience is present.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cariology and Dental Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24295012

Citation

Grošelj, M, and J Jan. "Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation and Dental Caries Among Children in Slovenia." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 14, no. 3, 2013, pp. 241-5.
Grošelj M, Jan J. Molar incisor hypomineralisation and dental caries among children in Slovenia. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2013;14(3):241-5.
Grošelj, M., & Jan, J. (2013). Molar incisor hypomineralisation and dental caries among children in Slovenia. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 14(3), 241-5.
Grošelj M, Jan J. Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation and Dental Caries Among Children in Slovenia. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2013;14(3):241-5. PubMed PMID: 24295012.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Molar incisor hypomineralisation and dental caries among children in Slovenia. AU - Grošelj,M, AU - Jan,J, PY - 2013/12/4/entrez PY - 2013/12/4/pubmed PY - 2014/2/22/medline SP - 241 EP - 5 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 14 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: To assess the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) in children in Slovenia and explore the relationship between MIH defects and caries in the primary and permanent dentition, and tooth- and surface-specific associations between MIH defects and caries on first permanent molars (FPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population was comprised of 558 children aged 6.011.5 years. The prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on FPM and permanent incisors was assessed through clinical examination by a calibrated examiner using the modified DDE Index of the FDI. Also recorded were atypical fillings, post-eruptive enamel breakdowns, and extractions because of MIH. Dental caries was assessed using the WHO criteria. RESULTS: At least one FPM with MIH defects was found in 21.4% of children. Children with MIH had significantly higher (p<0.05) caries experience in their permanent teeth. In primary teeth, higher caries experience was not statistically significant. MIH defects in FPM were associated with higher caries scores at the tooth (p<0.01), and at the surface (p<0.05) level. CONCLUSION: MIH is common in Slovenia. Children with MIH are more prone to dental caries development on their permanent teeth. On FPM teeth and surfaces affected with MIH defects, even with only mild demarcated opacities with apparently intact enamel, an increased caries experience is present. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24295012/Molar_incisor_hypomineralisation_and_dental_caries_among_children_in_Slovenia_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/toothdecay.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -