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Factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet among adolescents living in Sicily, Southern Italy.
Nutrients 2013; 5(12):4908-23N

Abstract

The present study aimed to examine the factors associated with increased Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence among a sample of Italian adolescents. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 1135 students (13-16 years) attending 13 secondary schools of Sicily, southern Italy. Validated instruments were used for dietary assessment and the KIDMED score to assess adolescents' adherence to the MD. A higher adherence to the MD was associated with high socioeconomic status (Odds Ratio [OR] 1.53, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.03-2.26) and high physical activity (OR 1.19, 95% CI: 1.02-1.70), whereas lower adherence was associated with living in an urban environment (OR 0.65, 95% CI: 0.44-0.97) and being obese (OR 0.59, 95% CI: 0.37-0.94). The adolescents' KIDMED scores were inversely associated with adolescents' intake of sweets, fast foods, fried foods, and sugary drinks, and directly with fruit, vegetables, pasta, fish, and cheese intakes. Urban-living adolescents were less likely to eat fruit and more prone to consume meat, sugary drinks, and fast food than rural-living adolescents. The latter were more likely to eat sweets and snacks. A general poor quality of food consumption in Italian adolescents away from the MD was reported, especially among those living in urban areas.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department "G.F. Ingrassia", Section of Hygiene and Public Health, University of Catania, Catania 95123, Italy. giuseppe.grosso@studium.unict.it.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24304608

Citation

Grosso, Giuseppe, et al. "Factors Associated With Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Among Adolescents Living in Sicily, Southern Italy." Nutrients, vol. 5, no. 12, 2013, pp. 4908-23.
Grosso G, Marventano S, Buscemi S, et al. Factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet among adolescents living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Nutrients. 2013;5(12):4908-23.
Grosso, G., Marventano, S., Buscemi, S., Scuderi, A., Matalone, M., Platania, A., ... Mistretta, A. (2013). Factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet among adolescents living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Nutrients, 5(12), pp. 4908-23. doi:10.3390/nu5124908.
Grosso G, et al. Factors Associated With Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Among Adolescents Living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Nutrients. 2013 Dec 4;5(12):4908-23. PubMed PMID: 24304608.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet among adolescents living in Sicily, Southern Italy. AU - Grosso,Giuseppe, AU - Marventano,Stefano, AU - Buscemi,Silvio, AU - Scuderi,Alessandro, AU - Matalone,Margherita, AU - Platania,Alessio, AU - Giorgianni,Gabriele, AU - Rametta,Stefania, AU - Nolfo,Francesca, AU - Galvano,Fabio, AU - Mistretta,Antonio, Y1 - 2013/12/04/ PY - 2013/09/26/received PY - 2013/11/08/revised PY - 2013/11/18/accepted PY - 2013/12/6/entrez PY - 2013/12/7/pubmed PY - 2014/7/24/medline SP - 4908 EP - 23 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 5 IS - 12 N2 - The present study aimed to examine the factors associated with increased Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence among a sample of Italian adolescents. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 1135 students (13-16 years) attending 13 secondary schools of Sicily, southern Italy. Validated instruments were used for dietary assessment and the KIDMED score to assess adolescents' adherence to the MD. A higher adherence to the MD was associated with high socioeconomic status (Odds Ratio [OR] 1.53, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.03-2.26) and high physical activity (OR 1.19, 95% CI: 1.02-1.70), whereas lower adherence was associated with living in an urban environment (OR 0.65, 95% CI: 0.44-0.97) and being obese (OR 0.59, 95% CI: 0.37-0.94). The adolescents' KIDMED scores were inversely associated with adolescents' intake of sweets, fast foods, fried foods, and sugary drinks, and directly with fruit, vegetables, pasta, fish, and cheese intakes. Urban-living adolescents were less likely to eat fruit and more prone to consume meat, sugary drinks, and fast food than rural-living adolescents. The latter were more likely to eat sweets and snacks. A general poor quality of food consumption in Italian adolescents away from the MD was reported, especially among those living in urban areas. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24304608/Factors_associated_with_adherence_to_the_Mediterranean_diet_among_adolescents_living_in_Sicily_Southern_Italy_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu5124908 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -