[Structural-functional characteristics of argiopine--the ion channel blockers from the spider Argiope lobata venom].Bioorg Khim. 1986 Aug; 12(8):1121-4.BK
Argiopine, a compound capable of blocking the glutamate-activated ion channels in experiments with glutamatergic synapses of blowfly larvae, was isolated from the venom of spider Argiope lobata. Argiopine-receptor complex has KD 6,7 X 10(-7) M. The venom solution was treated with 60% ethanol, centrifuged and supernatant was subjected to reversed-phase HPLC in the acetonitrile concentration gradient. Argiopine structure was established using 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, elemental and amino acid analyses. Argiopine (molecular mass 636) consists of arginine (free alpha-NH2) linke with polyamine--NH (CH2)3NH(CH2)3NH(CH2)5NH--through a peptide bond. The polyamine is connected to the alpha-carboxyl group of asparagine whose alpha-amino group is linked to 2,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid.