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Immediate postabortion access to IUDs, implants and DMPA reduces repeat pregnancy within 1 year in a New York City practice.
Contraception. 2014 Feb; 89(2):103-8.C

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective was to evaluate whether having intrauterine devices (IUDs), contraceptive implants and injections immediately available to women undergoing abortion, compared to requiring an additional visit for these methods, leads to fewer pregnancies and fewer abortions in the following 12 months.

METHODS

We conducted a historical cohort study using health records of Medicaid-insured women obtaining a first-trimester surgical abortion within a single practice in New York City. Women in Cohort 1 (2007-2008) needed an additional visit to initiate the IUD or injection. Women in Cohort 2 (2008-2009) were able to initiate these contraceptives and implants during the abortion visit. Women in both cohorts received these methods without additional cost, and all could receive a pill, patch or ring prescription. We compared the proportions of each cohort who experienced a pregnancy that began in the 12 months following the index abortion and also evaluated the outcomes of those pregnancies.

RESULTS

Cohorts 1 and 2 consisted of 407 and 405 women, respectively. The proportions with pregnancy beginning over the following 12 months were substantially greater in Cohort 1 than Cohort 2 (27.3% versus 15.3%, p<.001). Women in Cohort 1 then underwent both more additional abortions (17.2% versus 9.9%, p=.003) and more births (7.9% versus 3.7%, p=.02). The proportion of women in Cohort 1 who initiated IUDs and implants within 12 months was smaller than in Cohort 2 (11% versus 46%, p<.001).

CONCLUSIONS

Among women insured by Medicaid, offering immediate comprehensive contraceptive access--including IUDs and implants--on the same day as an induced abortion, compared to requiring an additional visit, increased uptake of IUDs and implants and decreased repeat pregnancies in the next 12 months and abortions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Columbia University Medical Center and New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA.Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PH 16-80, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: slj2124@columbia.edu.Columbia University Medical Center and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24309218

Citation

Langston, Aileen M., et al. "Immediate Postabortion Access to IUDs, Implants and DMPA Reduces Repeat Pregnancy Within 1 Year in a New York City Practice." Contraception, vol. 89, no. 2, 2014, pp. 103-8.
Langston AM, Joslin-Roher SL, Westhoff CL. Immediate postabortion access to IUDs, implants and DMPA reduces repeat pregnancy within 1 year in a New York City practice. Contraception. 2014;89(2):103-8.
Langston, A. M., Joslin-Roher, S. L., & Westhoff, C. L. (2014). Immediate postabortion access to IUDs, implants and DMPA reduces repeat pregnancy within 1 year in a New York City practice. Contraception, 89(2), 103-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2013.10.014
Langston AM, Joslin-Roher SL, Westhoff CL. Immediate Postabortion Access to IUDs, Implants and DMPA Reduces Repeat Pregnancy Within 1 Year in a New York City Practice. Contraception. 2014;89(2):103-8. PubMed PMID: 24309218.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Immediate postabortion access to IUDs, implants and DMPA reduces repeat pregnancy within 1 year in a New York City practice. AU - Langston,Aileen M, AU - Joslin-Roher,Sophie L, AU - Westhoff,Carolyn L, Y1 - 2013/11/06/ PY - 2013/07/02/received PY - 2013/09/10/revised PY - 2013/10/10/accepted PY - 2013/12/7/entrez PY - 2013/12/7/pubmed PY - 2014/10/14/medline KW - Contraceptives KW - LARC KW - Repeat abortion SP - 103 EP - 8 JF - Contraception JO - Contraception VL - 89 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate whether having intrauterine devices (IUDs), contraceptive implants and injections immediately available to women undergoing abortion, compared to requiring an additional visit for these methods, leads to fewer pregnancies and fewer abortions in the following 12 months. METHODS: We conducted a historical cohort study using health records of Medicaid-insured women obtaining a first-trimester surgical abortion within a single practice in New York City. Women in Cohort 1 (2007-2008) needed an additional visit to initiate the IUD or injection. Women in Cohort 2 (2008-2009) were able to initiate these contraceptives and implants during the abortion visit. Women in both cohorts received these methods without additional cost, and all could receive a pill, patch or ring prescription. We compared the proportions of each cohort who experienced a pregnancy that began in the 12 months following the index abortion and also evaluated the outcomes of those pregnancies. RESULTS: Cohorts 1 and 2 consisted of 407 and 405 women, respectively. The proportions with pregnancy beginning over the following 12 months were substantially greater in Cohort 1 than Cohort 2 (27.3% versus 15.3%, p<.001). Women in Cohort 1 then underwent both more additional abortions (17.2% versus 9.9%, p=.003) and more births (7.9% versus 3.7%, p=.02). The proportion of women in Cohort 1 who initiated IUDs and implants within 12 months was smaller than in Cohort 2 (11% versus 46%, p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among women insured by Medicaid, offering immediate comprehensive contraceptive access--including IUDs and implants--on the same day as an induced abortion, compared to requiring an additional visit, increased uptake of IUDs and implants and decreased repeat pregnancies in the next 12 months and abortions. SN - 1879-0518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24309218/Immediate_postabortion_access_to_IUDs_implants_and_DMPA_reduces_repeat_pregnancy_within_1_year_in_a_New_York_City_practice_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-7824(13)00682-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -