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Suicidal behaviour in the ancient Greek and Roman world.
OBJECTIVEWe attempt to present and analyze suicidal behaviour in the ancient Greek and Roman world.
METHODSDrawing information from ancient Greek and Latin sources (History, Philosophy, Medicine, Literature, Visual Arts) we aim to point out psychological and social aspects of suicidal behaviour in antiquity.
RESULTSThe shocking exposition of suicides reveals the zeitgeist of each era and illustrates the prevailing concepts. Social and legal reactions appear ambivalent, as they can oscillate from acceptance and interpretation of the act to punishment. In the history of these attitudes, we can observe continuities and breaches, reserving a special place in cases of mental disease. The delayed emergence of a generally accepted term for the voluntary exit from life (the term suicidium established during the 17th century), is connected to reactions triggered by the act of suicide than to the frequency and the extent of the phenomenon.
CONCLUSIONSThe social environment of the person, who voluntary ends his life usually dictates the behaviour and historical evidence confirms the phenomenon.
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Asian journal of psychiatry 6:6 2013 Dec pg 548-51
Pub Type(s)Journal Article