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Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed-breed dogs.
J Small Anim Pract 2014; 55(12):648-51JS

Abstract

Leeches are bloodsucking hermaphroditic parasites that attach to tissues using two muscular suckers, ingest large amounts of blood and may cause severe anaemia in the host. Two four-month-old mixed-breed dogs (one bitch and one male) were referred with anorexia, retching, hypersalivation and bleeding from the oral cavity. On physical examination, two live leeches were detected on the ventral aspect of the tongue of the bitch and one in a similar position in the male. The leeches were gently detached and removed using Adson tissue forceps after applying vinegar over the area. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia was detected in the bitch and mild leukocytosis in the dog. One month after treatment both animals were re-examined and a complete blood count was normal. Given that infestation with leeches as described here is associated with contaminated water, the use of clean and safe drinking water is recommended to avoid such diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Specialized Veterinary Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24320198

Citation

Rajaei, S M., et al. "Oral Infestation With Leech Limnatis Nilotica in Two Mixed-breed Dogs." The Journal of Small Animal Practice, vol. 55, no. 12, 2014, pp. 648-51.
Rajaei SM, Khorram H, Ansari Mood M, et al. Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed-breed dogs. J Small Anim Pract. 2014;55(12):648-51.
Rajaei, S. M., Khorram, H., Ansari Mood, M., Mashhadi Rafie, S., & Williams, D. L. (2014). Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed-breed dogs. The Journal of Small Animal Practice, 55(12), pp. 648-51. doi:10.1111/jsap.12166.
Rajaei SM, et al. Oral Infestation With Leech Limnatis Nilotica in Two Mixed-breed Dogs. J Small Anim Pract. 2014;55(12):648-51. PubMed PMID: 24320198.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed-breed dogs. AU - Rajaei,S M, AU - Khorram,H, AU - Ansari Mood,M, AU - Mashhadi Rafie,S, AU - Williams,D L, Y1 - 2013/12/10/ PY - 2013/01/15/received PY - 2013/09/09/revised PY - 2013/10/09/accepted PY - 2013/12/11/entrez PY - 2013/12/11/pubmed PY - 2015/8/19/medline SP - 648 EP - 51 JF - The Journal of small animal practice JO - J Small Anim Pract VL - 55 IS - 12 N2 - Leeches are bloodsucking hermaphroditic parasites that attach to tissues using two muscular suckers, ingest large amounts of blood and may cause severe anaemia in the host. Two four-month-old mixed-breed dogs (one bitch and one male) were referred with anorexia, retching, hypersalivation and bleeding from the oral cavity. On physical examination, two live leeches were detected on the ventral aspect of the tongue of the bitch and one in a similar position in the male. The leeches were gently detached and removed using Adson tissue forceps after applying vinegar over the area. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia was detected in the bitch and mild leukocytosis in the dog. One month after treatment both animals were re-examined and a complete blood count was normal. Given that infestation with leeches as described here is associated with contaminated water, the use of clean and safe drinking water is recommended to avoid such diseases. SN - 1748-5827 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24320198/Oral_infestation_with_leech_Limnatis_nilotica_in_two_mixed_breed_dogs_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12166 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -