Mean platelet volume levels in children with adenoid hypertrophy.J Craniofac Surg 2014; 25(1):e29-31JC
Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is a common disorder in children, resulting in chronic nasal congestion. This chronic congestion should be evaluated carefully because it can lead to chronic upper airway obstruction. Many authors have suggested that increased nasal resistance to respiration may cause disturbances in the pulmonary ventilation and carry the risk of cardiopulmonary diseases. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a marker of platelet function and is positively associated with indicators of platelet activity. Mean platelet volume is an indicator of larger and more reactive platelets and has been shown to be increased in patients with vascular disease, including peripheral, pulmonary, and coronary artery disease. Recently, MPV levels have also been shown to be increased in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, and marked nasal septal deviation. Moreover, increased MPV has also been shown to have a prognostic role in cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether MPV is higher in patients with AH and whether higher MPV levels can be reduced by adenoidectomy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate MPV in patients with AH. Our results suggest that MPV, a determinant of platelet activation, is elevated in patients with AH and adenoidectomy is an effective therapeutic measure in such patients. Increased platelet activation may be related to an increase of cardiopulmonary risk in patients with AH.