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Effect of 6 months of whole body vibration on lumbar spine bone density in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial.
Clin Interv Aging. 2013; 8:1603-9.CI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The issue of osteoporosis-induced fractures has attracted the world's attention. Postmenopausal women are particularly at risk for this type of fracture. The nonmedicinal intervention for postmenopausal women is mainly exercise. Whole body vibration (WBV) is a simple and convenient exercise. There have been some studies investigating the effect of WBV on osteoporosis; however, the intervention models and results are different. This study mainly investigated the effect of high-frequency and high-magnitude WBV on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine in postmenopausal women.

METHODS

This study randomized 28 postmenopausal women into either the WBV group or the control group for a 6-month trial. The WBV group received an intervention of high-frequency (30 Hz) and high-magnitude (3.2 g) WBV in a natural full-standing posture for 5 minutes, three times per week, at a sports center. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure the lumbar BMD of the two groups before and after the intervention.

RESULTS

Six months later, the BMD of the WBV group had significantly increased by 2.032% (P=0.047), while that of the control group had decreased by 0.046% (P=0.188). The comparison between the two groups showed that the BMD of the WBV group had increased significantly (P=0.016).

CONCLUSION

This study found that 6 months of high-frequency and high-magnitude WBV yielded significant benefits to the BMD of the lumbar spine in postmenopausal women, and could therefore be provided as an alternative exercise.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Radiology, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.School of Physical Therapy, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan ; Department of Family Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Family Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24348029

Citation

Lai, Chung-Liang, et al. "Effect of 6 Months of Whole Body Vibration On Lumbar Spine Bone Density in Postmenopausal Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 8, 2013, pp. 1603-9.
Lai CL, Tseng SY, Chen CN, et al. Effect of 6 months of whole body vibration on lumbar spine bone density in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:1603-9.
Lai, C. L., Tseng, S. Y., Chen, C. N., Liao, W. C., Wang, C. H., Lee, M. C., & Hsu, P. S. (2013). Effect of 6 months of whole body vibration on lumbar spine bone density in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 8, 1603-9. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S53591
Lai CL, et al. Effect of 6 Months of Whole Body Vibration On Lumbar Spine Bone Density in Postmenopausal Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:1603-9. PubMed PMID: 24348029.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of 6 months of whole body vibration on lumbar spine bone density in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Lai,Chung-Liang, AU - Tseng,Shiuan-Yu, AU - Chen,Chung-Nan, AU - Liao,Wan-Chun, AU - Wang,Chun-Hou, AU - Lee,Meng-Chih, AU - Hsu,Pi-Shan, Y1 - 2013/12/04/ PY - 2013/12/19/entrez PY - 2013/12/19/pubmed PY - 2014/8/26/medline KW - osteoporosis KW - postmenopausal women KW - whole body vibration SP - 1603 EP - 9 JF - Clinical interventions in aging JO - Clin Interv Aging VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: The issue of osteoporosis-induced fractures has attracted the world's attention. Postmenopausal women are particularly at risk for this type of fracture. The nonmedicinal intervention for postmenopausal women is mainly exercise. Whole body vibration (WBV) is a simple and convenient exercise. There have been some studies investigating the effect of WBV on osteoporosis; however, the intervention models and results are different. This study mainly investigated the effect of high-frequency and high-magnitude WBV on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study randomized 28 postmenopausal women into either the WBV group or the control group for a 6-month trial. The WBV group received an intervention of high-frequency (30 Hz) and high-magnitude (3.2 g) WBV in a natural full-standing posture for 5 minutes, three times per week, at a sports center. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure the lumbar BMD of the two groups before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Six months later, the BMD of the WBV group had significantly increased by 2.032% (P=0.047), while that of the control group had decreased by 0.046% (P=0.188). The comparison between the two groups showed that the BMD of the WBV group had increased significantly (P=0.016). CONCLUSION: This study found that 6 months of high-frequency and high-magnitude WBV yielded significant benefits to the BMD of the lumbar spine in postmenopausal women, and could therefore be provided as an alternative exercise. SN - 1178-1998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24348029/Effect_of_6_months_of_whole_body_vibration_on_lumbar_spine_bone_density_in_postmenopausal_women:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S53591 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -