[Change in serum thyroid hormone levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction].Nihon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi. 1987 Jan 20; 63(1):19-25.NN
It has been reported that there is a decrease in the serum concentration of thyroid hormones in non-thyroidal illness. In the present study we made serial measurements of serum concentration of thyroid hormones [triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), reverse triiodothyronine (rT3)], thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) in 10 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI, Grade I, according to the classification of Killip & Forrester) during 14 days after onset. In the early phase of AMI, serum T3, T4, FT3 and FT4 levels decreased while rT3 increased. TSH and TBG levels, however, were unchanged. In the patients with a high peak creatine phosphokinase activity (greater than or equal to 400 mU/ml), the decrease in thyroid hormone and increase in serum rT3 levels were greater than in patients with a low peak value (less than 400 mU/ml), suggesting a correlation between severity of AMI and changes in serum thyroid hormone levels. Especially, serum FT3 levels fell below the lower limit of controls within 14 days, with the lowest levels and the rT3 peak on the third day after onset. These data suggest that in AMI peripheral conversion of T4 favours rT3 production and that low levels of serum FT3 and T3 protect the infarcted heart muscle against thyroid hormone action.