Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Ecotoxicological evaluation of four UV filters using marine organisms from different trophic levels Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Siriella armata.
Chemosphere. 2014 Jun; 104:44-50.C

Abstract

Due to the concern about the negative effects of exposure to sunlight, combinations of UV filters like 4-Methylbenzylidene-camphor (4-MBC), Benzophenone-3 (BP-3), Benzophenone-4 (BP-4) and 2-Ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate (EHMC) are being introduced in all kind of cosmetic formulas. These chemicals are acquiring a concerning status due to their increasingly common use and the potential risk for the environment. The aim of this study is to assess the behaviour of these compounds in seawater, the toxicity to marine organisms from three trophic levels including autotrophs (Isochrysis galbana), herbivores (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Paracentrotus lividus) and carnivores (Siriella armata), and set a preliminary assessment of potential ecological risk of UV filters in coastal ecosystems. In general, EC50 results show that both EHMC and 4-MBC are the most toxic for our test species, followed by BP-3 and finally BP-4. The most affected species by the presence of these UV filters are the microalgae I. galbana, which showed toxicity thresholds in the range of μg L(-1) units, followed by S. armata>P. Lividus>M. galloprovincialis. The UV filter concentrations measured in the sampled beach water were in the range of tens or even hundreds of ng L(-1). The resulting risk quotients showed appreciable environmental risk in coastal environments for BP-3 and 4-MBC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratorio de Ecoloxía Mariña, Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain. Electronic address: eparedes@uvigo.es.Laboratorio de Ecoloxía Mariña, Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Toralla Marine Station (ECIMAT), Universidade de Vigo, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.Instituto de Investigación y Análisis Alimentarios (IIAA), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, R/Constantino Candeira S/N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.Instituto de Investigación y Análisis Alimentarios (IIAA), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, R/Constantino Candeira S/N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.Laboratorio de Ecoloxía Mariña, Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Toralla Marine Station (ECIMAT), Universidade de Vigo, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24359924

Citation

Paredes, E, et al. "Ecotoxicological Evaluation of Four UV Filters Using Marine Organisms From Different Trophic Levels Isochrysis Galbana, Mytilus Galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus Lividus, and Siriella Armata." Chemosphere, vol. 104, 2014, pp. 44-50.
Paredes E, Perez S, Rodil R, et al. Ecotoxicological evaluation of four UV filters using marine organisms from different trophic levels Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Siriella armata. Chemosphere. 2014;104:44-50.
Paredes, E., Perez, S., Rodil, R., Quintana, J. B., & Beiras, R. (2014). Ecotoxicological evaluation of four UV filters using marine organisms from different trophic levels Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Siriella armata. Chemosphere, 104, 44-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.053
Paredes E, et al. Ecotoxicological Evaluation of Four UV Filters Using Marine Organisms From Different Trophic Levels Isochrysis Galbana, Mytilus Galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus Lividus, and Siriella Armata. Chemosphere. 2014;104:44-50. PubMed PMID: 24359924.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ecotoxicological evaluation of four UV filters using marine organisms from different trophic levels Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Siriella armata. AU - Paredes,E, AU - Perez,S, AU - Rodil,R, AU - Quintana,J B, AU - Beiras,R, Y1 - 2013/12/19/ PY - 2013/05/07/received PY - 2013/10/18/revised PY - 2013/10/20/accepted PY - 2013/12/24/entrez PY - 2013/12/24/pubmed PY - 2014/9/26/medline KW - 4-MBC KW - BP-3 KW - BP-4 KW - EHMC KW - Embryo-larval bioassays KW - UV filters SP - 44 EP - 50 JF - Chemosphere JO - Chemosphere VL - 104 N2 - Due to the concern about the negative effects of exposure to sunlight, combinations of UV filters like 4-Methylbenzylidene-camphor (4-MBC), Benzophenone-3 (BP-3), Benzophenone-4 (BP-4) and 2-Ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate (EHMC) are being introduced in all kind of cosmetic formulas. These chemicals are acquiring a concerning status due to their increasingly common use and the potential risk for the environment. The aim of this study is to assess the behaviour of these compounds in seawater, the toxicity to marine organisms from three trophic levels including autotrophs (Isochrysis galbana), herbivores (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Paracentrotus lividus) and carnivores (Siriella armata), and set a preliminary assessment of potential ecological risk of UV filters in coastal ecosystems. In general, EC50 results show that both EHMC and 4-MBC are the most toxic for our test species, followed by BP-3 and finally BP-4. The most affected species by the presence of these UV filters are the microalgae I. galbana, which showed toxicity thresholds in the range of μg L(-1) units, followed by S. armata>P. Lividus>M. galloprovincialis. The UV filter concentrations measured in the sampled beach water were in the range of tens or even hundreds of ng L(-1). The resulting risk quotients showed appreciable environmental risk in coastal environments for BP-3 and 4-MBC. SN - 1879-1298 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24359924/Ecotoxicological_evaluation_of_four_UV_filters_using_marine_organisms_from_different_trophic_levels_Isochrysis_galbana_Mytilus_galloprovincialis_Paracentrotus_lividus_and_Siriella_armata_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0045-6535(13)01487-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -