Relative bioavailability of isoniazid in a fixed-dose combination product in healthy Mexican subjects.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Jan; 18(1):49-54.IJ
Subtherapeutic plasma isoniazid (INH) concentrations and the development of bacterial resistance may be attributed to poor quality and reduced bioavailability of fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulations. The bioavailability of INH from a generic and that of a branded FDC formulation had not been compared in the Mexican population.
To evaluate the bioequivalence of a generic three-drug FDC formulation (3FDC) in comparison with a 3FDC reference with doses of 300 mg INH in 20 healthy Mexican adults, and to generate data regarding the oral relative bioavailability of the drug in this population.
A single-dose, randomised-sequence, open-label, two-period crossover study.
Both formulations were well tolerated. The pharmacokinetic parameters of INH showed wide inter-individual variability. The average relative bioavailability calculated for maximum serum concentration area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), AUC(0-24h) and AUC(0-∞) of the test 3FDC formulation vs. the 3FDC reference were respectively 64.84% (90%CI 56.01-75.06), 59.05% (90%CI 50.27-69.36) and 57.26% (90%CI 46.93-69.84).
The 3FDC test and reference formulations were not bioequivalent because the 90%CI for the geometric mean ratios did not meet the regulatory requirements for bioequivalence (range 80-125%) based on the rate and extent of absorption.