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Tanning addiction and psychopathology: Further evaluation of anxiety disorders and substance abuse.
J Am Acad Dermatol 2014; 70(3):473-80JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little research has investigated the correlates of problematic tanning and tanning dependence.

OBJECTIVE

We sought to identify characteristics associated with problematic tanning and tanning dependence, and to evaluate simultaneously the associations of variables as correlates of problematic tanning and tanning dependence.

METHOD

To assess tanning-related characteristics, psychopathology, and demographics, we administered questionnaires to 533 tanning university students; 31% met criteria for tanning dependence, 12% for problematic tanning.

RESULTS

Both problematic tanning and tanning dependence were significantly associated with being female (P < .001 and P < .001, respectively) and with screening positive on measures of obsessive-compulsive (P < .001 and P = .005, respectively) and body dysmorphic (P = .019 and P < .001, respectively) disorders. Frequency of tanning in the past month was the strongest correlate of problematic tanning (P < .001) and tanning dependence (P < .001) when included in a model that controlled for shared variance among demographics and psychopathology.

LIMITATIONS

The sample was recruited from 1 university and contained only self-report measures.

CONCLUSION

Results suggest that many who engage in excessive tanning may also have significant psychiatric distress. Additional research is needed to characterize compulsive, problematic tanning and its rates, correlates, and risk factors among diverse samples.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio.Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: erinbona@med.umich.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24373775

Citation

Ashrafioun, Lisham, and Erin E. Bonar. "Tanning Addiction and Psychopathology: Further Evaluation of Anxiety Disorders and Substance Abuse." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 70, no. 3, 2014, pp. 473-80.
Ashrafioun L, Bonar EE. Tanning addiction and psychopathology: Further evaluation of anxiety disorders and substance abuse. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014;70(3):473-80.
Ashrafioun, L., & Bonar, E. E. (2014). Tanning addiction and psychopathology: Further evaluation of anxiety disorders and substance abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 70(3), pp. 473-80. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2013.10.057.
Ashrafioun L, Bonar EE. Tanning Addiction and Psychopathology: Further Evaluation of Anxiety Disorders and Substance Abuse. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014;70(3):473-80. PubMed PMID: 24373775.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tanning addiction and psychopathology: Further evaluation of anxiety disorders and substance abuse. AU - Ashrafioun,Lisham, AU - Bonar,Erin E, Y1 - 2013/12/25/ PY - 2013/06/05/received PY - 2013/10/30/revised PY - 2013/10/30/accepted PY - 2013/12/31/entrez PY - 2014/1/1/pubmed PY - 2014/4/12/medline KW - behavioral addictions KW - obsessive-compulsive disorder KW - problematic tanning KW - tanning dependence KW - university students SP - 473 EP - 80 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology JO - J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. VL - 70 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Little research has investigated the correlates of problematic tanning and tanning dependence. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify characteristics associated with problematic tanning and tanning dependence, and to evaluate simultaneously the associations of variables as correlates of problematic tanning and tanning dependence. METHOD: To assess tanning-related characteristics, psychopathology, and demographics, we administered questionnaires to 533 tanning university students; 31% met criteria for tanning dependence, 12% for problematic tanning. RESULTS: Both problematic tanning and tanning dependence were significantly associated with being female (P < .001 and P < .001, respectively) and with screening positive on measures of obsessive-compulsive (P < .001 and P = .005, respectively) and body dysmorphic (P = .019 and P < .001, respectively) disorders. Frequency of tanning in the past month was the strongest correlate of problematic tanning (P < .001) and tanning dependence (P < .001) when included in a model that controlled for shared variance among demographics and psychopathology. LIMITATIONS: The sample was recruited from 1 university and contained only self-report measures. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that many who engage in excessive tanning may also have significant psychiatric distress. Additional research is needed to characterize compulsive, problematic tanning and its rates, correlates, and risk factors among diverse samples. SN - 1097-6787 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24373775/Tanning_addiction_and_psychopathology:_Further_evaluation_of_anxiety_disorders_and_substance_abuse_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0190-9622(13)01253-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -