Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The role of landscape spatial patterns on obesity in Hispanic children residing in inner-city neighborhoods.
J Phys Act Health 2014; 11(8):1449-57JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Childhood obesity and its comorbidities have become major public health challenges in the US. While previous studies have investigated the roles of land uses and transportation infrastructure on obesity, limited research has examined the influence of landscape spatial patterns. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between landscape spatial patterns and obesity in Hispanic children.

METHODS

Participants included 61 fourth- and fifth-grade Hispanic children from inner-city neighborhoods in Houston, TX. BMI z-scores were computed based on objectively-measured height and weight from each child. Parental and child surveys provided sociodemographic and physical activity data. Landscape indices were used to measure the quality of landscape spatial patterns surrounding each child's home by utilizing Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing analyses using aerial photo images.

RESULTS

After controlling for sociodemographic factors, in the half-mile airline buffer, more tree patches and well-connected landscape patterns were negatively correlated with their BMI z-scores. Furthermore, larger sizes of urban forests and tree patches were negatively associated with children's BMI z-scores in the half-mile network buffer assessment.

CONCLUSIONS

This study suggests that urban greenery requires further attention in studies aimed at identifying environmental features that reduce childhood obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dept of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24384497

Citation

Kim, Jun-Hyun, et al. "The Role of Landscape Spatial Patterns On Obesity in Hispanic Children Residing in Inner-city Neighborhoods." Journal of Physical Activity & Health, vol. 11, no. 8, 2014, pp. 1449-57.
Kim JH, Lee C, Olvara NE, et al. The role of landscape spatial patterns on obesity in Hispanic children residing in inner-city neighborhoods. J Phys Act Health. 2014;11(8):1449-57.
Kim, J. H., Lee, C., Olvara, N. E., & Ellis, C. D. (2014). The role of landscape spatial patterns on obesity in Hispanic children residing in inner-city neighborhoods. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 11(8), pp. 1449-57. doi:10.1123/jpah.2012-0503.
Kim JH, et al. The Role of Landscape Spatial Patterns On Obesity in Hispanic Children Residing in Inner-city Neighborhoods. J Phys Act Health. 2014;11(8):1449-57. PubMed PMID: 24384497.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of landscape spatial patterns on obesity in Hispanic children residing in inner-city neighborhoods. AU - Kim,Jun-Hyun, AU - Lee,Chanam, AU - Olvara,Norma E, AU - Ellis,Christopher D, Y1 - 2013/12/31/ PY - 2014/1/4/entrez PY - 2014/1/5/pubmed PY - 2015/7/21/medline SP - 1449 EP - 57 JF - Journal of physical activity & health JO - J Phys Act Health VL - 11 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity and its comorbidities have become major public health challenges in the US. While previous studies have investigated the roles of land uses and transportation infrastructure on obesity, limited research has examined the influence of landscape spatial patterns. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between landscape spatial patterns and obesity in Hispanic children. METHODS: Participants included 61 fourth- and fifth-grade Hispanic children from inner-city neighborhoods in Houston, TX. BMI z-scores were computed based on objectively-measured height and weight from each child. Parental and child surveys provided sociodemographic and physical activity data. Landscape indices were used to measure the quality of landscape spatial patterns surrounding each child's home by utilizing Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing analyses using aerial photo images. RESULTS: After controlling for sociodemographic factors, in the half-mile airline buffer, more tree patches and well-connected landscape patterns were negatively correlated with their BMI z-scores. Furthermore, larger sizes of urban forests and tree patches were negatively associated with children's BMI z-scores in the half-mile network buffer assessment. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that urban greenery requires further attention in studies aimed at identifying environmental features that reduce childhood obesity. SN - 1543-5474 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24384497/The_role_of_landscape_spatial_patterns_on_obesity_in_Hispanic_children_residing_in_inner_city_neighborhoods_ L2 - https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/10.1123/jpah.2012-0503 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -