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Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival.

Abstract

With the increase in the number of cancer patients worldwide in the coming years, the need for knowledge on the influence of lifestyle factors on cancer survival is increasing. In this paper, the current knowledge on diet, body mass index, and physical activity in relation to cancer outcome is summarized. Also, challenges are identified to be addressed to provide evidence-based recommendations for cancer patients. Studies in patients with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer show that the influence of dietary factors on survival remains to be determined. Adiposity and a lack of physical activity, however, appear to influence cancer outcome negatively. Subsequent studies should focus on more detailed aspects of these lifestyle factors, such as body composition and dose of exercise, and on the timing with respect to diagnosis and treatment. Research should be directed toward investigating diet and physical activity simultaneously and on how changes in health behavior can be established.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 4, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands ; University Medical Centre St. Radboud Nijmegen, and VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

    ,

    Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 581, Heidelberg, Germany.

    ,

    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 4, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands ; National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 4, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands.

    Source

    Current nutrition reports 1: 2012 pg 30-36

    Pub Type(s)

    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24392267

    Citation

    Kampman, Ellen, et al. "Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity On Cancer Survival." Current Nutrition Reports, vol. 1, 2012, pp. 30-36.
    Kampman E, Vrieling A, van Duijnhoven FJ, et al. Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival. Curr Nutr Rep. 2012;1:30-36.
    Kampman, E., Vrieling, A., van Duijnhoven, F. J., & Winkels, R. M. (2012). Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival. Current Nutrition Reports, 1, pp. 30-36.
    Kampman E, et al. Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity On Cancer Survival. Curr Nutr Rep. 2012;1:30-36. PubMed PMID: 24392267.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of Diet, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity on Cancer Survival. AU - Kampman,Ellen, AU - Vrieling,Alina, AU - van Duijnhoven,Fränzel J, AU - Winkels,Renate M, Y1 - 2012/01/07/ PY - 2014/1/7/entrez PY - 2012/1/1/pubmed PY - 2012/1/1/medline KW - BMI KW - Body mass index KW - Breast cancer KW - Cancer survival KW - Colorectal cancer KW - Diet KW - Physical activity KW - Prostate cancer KW - Survival SP - 30 EP - 36 JF - Current nutrition reports JO - Curr Nutr Rep VL - 1 N2 - With the increase in the number of cancer patients worldwide in the coming years, the need for knowledge on the influence of lifestyle factors on cancer survival is increasing. In this paper, the current knowledge on diet, body mass index, and physical activity in relation to cancer outcome is summarized. Also, challenges are identified to be addressed to provide evidence-based recommendations for cancer patients. Studies in patients with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer show that the influence of dietary factors on survival remains to be determined. Adiposity and a lack of physical activity, however, appear to influence cancer outcome negatively. Subsequent studies should focus on more detailed aspects of these lifestyle factors, such as body composition and dose of exercise, and on the timing with respect to diagnosis and treatment. Research should be directed toward investigating diet and physical activity simultaneously and on how changes in health behavior can be established. SN - 2161-3311 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24392267/full_citation L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24392267/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -