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Effectiveness of hamstring knee rehabilitation exercise performed in training machine vs. elastic resistance: electromyography evaluation study.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Apr; 93(4):320-7.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during hamstring rehabilitation exercises performed in training machine compared with elastic resistance.

DESIGN

Six women and 13 men aged 28-67 yrs participated in a crossover study. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded in the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus during the concentric and the eccentric phase of hamstring curls performed with TheraBand elastic tubing and Technogym training machines and normalized to maximal voluntary isometric contraction-EMG (normalized EMG). Knee joint angle was measured using electronic inclinometers.

RESULTS

Training machines and elastic resistance showed similar high levels of muscle activity (biceps femoris and semitendinosus peak normalized EMG >80%). EMG during the concentric phase was higher than during the eccentric phase regardless of exercise and muscle. However, compared with machine exercise, slightly lower (P < 0.05) normalized EMG values were observed using elastic resistance at 30- to 50-degree knee joint angle for the semitendinosus and the biceps femoris during the concentric and the eccentric phase, respectively. Perceived loading (Borg CR10) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) during hamstring curl performed with elastic resistance (7.58 ± 0.08) compared with hamstring curl performed in a machine (5.92 ± 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS

Hamstring rehabilitation exercise performed with elastic resistance induces similar peak hamstring muscle activity but slightly lower EMG values at more extended knee angles and with higher perceived loading as hamstring curls using training machines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark (MDJ, ES, CHA, LLA); Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (RP); Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (MDJ, ES); and Arthroscopic Centre Amager and Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark (MKZ).No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24398577

Citation

Jakobsen, Markus Due, et al. "Effectiveness of Hamstring Knee Rehabilitation Exercise Performed in Training Machine Vs. Elastic Resistance: Electromyography Evaluation Study." American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol. 93, no. 4, 2014, pp. 320-7.
Jakobsen MD, Sundstrup E, Andersen CH, et al. Effectiveness of hamstring knee rehabilitation exercise performed in training machine vs. elastic resistance: electromyography evaluation study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;93(4):320-7.
Jakobsen, M. D., Sundstrup, E., Andersen, C. H., Persson, R., Zebis, M. K., & Andersen, L. L. (2014). Effectiveness of hamstring knee rehabilitation exercise performed in training machine vs. elastic resistance: electromyography evaluation study. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 93(4), 320-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000043
Jakobsen MD, et al. Effectiveness of Hamstring Knee Rehabilitation Exercise Performed in Training Machine Vs. Elastic Resistance: Electromyography Evaluation Study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;93(4):320-7. PubMed PMID: 24398577.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of hamstring knee rehabilitation exercise performed in training machine vs. elastic resistance: electromyography evaluation study. AU - Jakobsen,Markus Due, AU - Sundstrup,Emil, AU - Andersen,Christoffer H, AU - Persson,Roger, AU - Zebis,Mette K, AU - Andersen,Lars L, PY - 2014/1/9/entrez PY - 2014/1/9/pubmed PY - 2014/5/21/medline SP - 320 EP - 7 JF - American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation JO - Am J Phys Med Rehabil VL - 93 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during hamstring rehabilitation exercises performed in training machine compared with elastic resistance. DESIGN: Six women and 13 men aged 28-67 yrs participated in a crossover study. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded in the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus during the concentric and the eccentric phase of hamstring curls performed with TheraBand elastic tubing and Technogym training machines and normalized to maximal voluntary isometric contraction-EMG (normalized EMG). Knee joint angle was measured using electronic inclinometers. RESULTS: Training machines and elastic resistance showed similar high levels of muscle activity (biceps femoris and semitendinosus peak normalized EMG >80%). EMG during the concentric phase was higher than during the eccentric phase regardless of exercise and muscle. However, compared with machine exercise, slightly lower (P < 0.05) normalized EMG values were observed using elastic resistance at 30- to 50-degree knee joint angle for the semitendinosus and the biceps femoris during the concentric and the eccentric phase, respectively. Perceived loading (Borg CR10) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) during hamstring curl performed with elastic resistance (7.58 ± 0.08) compared with hamstring curl performed in a machine (5.92 ± 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Hamstring rehabilitation exercise performed with elastic resistance induces similar peak hamstring muscle activity but slightly lower EMG values at more extended knee angles and with higher perceived loading as hamstring curls using training machines. SN - 1537-7385 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24398577/Effectiveness_of_hamstring_knee_rehabilitation_exercise_performed_in_training_machine_vs__elastic_resistance:_electromyography_evaluation_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -