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Mass coral bleaching in 2010 in the southern Caribbean.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e83829.Plos

Abstract

Ocean temperatures are increasing globally and the Caribbean is no exception. An extreme ocean warming event in 2010 placed Tobago's coral reefs under severe stress resulting in widespread coral bleaching and threatening the livelihoods that rely on them. The bleaching response of four reef building taxa was monitored over a six month period across three major reefs systems in Tobago. By identifying taxa resilient to bleaching we propose to assist local coral reef managers in the decision making process to cope with mass bleaching events. The bleaching signal (length of exposure to high ocean temperatures) varied widely between the Atlantic and Caribbean reefs, but regardless of this variation most taxa bleached. Colpophyllia natans, Montastraea faveolata and Siderastrea siderea were considered the most bleaching vulnerable taxa. Interestingly, reefs with the highest coral cover showed the greatest decline reef building taxa, and conversely, reefs with the lowest coral cover showed the most bleaching but lowest change in coral cover with little algal overgrowth post-bleaching.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biodiversity and Ecology Research Programme, Institute of Marine Affairs, Hilltop Lane, Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago ; Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine Campus, Saint Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.Biodiversity and Ecology Research Programme, Institute of Marine Affairs, Hilltop Lane, Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24400078

Citation

Alemu I, Jahson Berhane, and Ysharda Clement. "Mass Coral Bleaching in 2010 in the Southern Caribbean." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 1, 2014, pp. e83829.
Alemu I JB, Clement Y. Mass coral bleaching in 2010 in the southern Caribbean. PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e83829.
Alemu I, J. B., & Clement, Y. (2014). Mass coral bleaching in 2010 in the southern Caribbean. PloS One, 9(1), e83829. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083829
Alemu I JB, Clement Y. Mass Coral Bleaching in 2010 in the Southern Caribbean. PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e83829. PubMed PMID: 24400078.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mass coral bleaching in 2010 in the southern Caribbean. AU - Alemu I,Jahson Berhane, AU - Clement,Ysharda, Y1 - 2014/01/06/ PY - 2013/07/09/received PY - 2013/11/08/accepted PY - 2014/1/9/entrez PY - 2014/1/9/pubmed PY - 2014/9/11/medline SP - e83829 EP - e83829 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 9 IS - 1 N2 - Ocean temperatures are increasing globally and the Caribbean is no exception. An extreme ocean warming event in 2010 placed Tobago's coral reefs under severe stress resulting in widespread coral bleaching and threatening the livelihoods that rely on them. The bleaching response of four reef building taxa was monitored over a six month period across three major reefs systems in Tobago. By identifying taxa resilient to bleaching we propose to assist local coral reef managers in the decision making process to cope with mass bleaching events. The bleaching signal (length of exposure to high ocean temperatures) varied widely between the Atlantic and Caribbean reefs, but regardless of this variation most taxa bleached. Colpophyllia natans, Montastraea faveolata and Siderastrea siderea were considered the most bleaching vulnerable taxa. Interestingly, reefs with the highest coral cover showed the greatest decline reef building taxa, and conversely, reefs with the lowest coral cover showed the most bleaching but lowest change in coral cover with little algal overgrowth post-bleaching. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24400078/Mass_coral_bleaching_in_2010_in_the_southern_Caribbean_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083829 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -