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Prevalence and distribution patterns of Sarcocystis in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Yazd province, Iran.
J Parasit Dis. 2013 Oct; 37(2):163-5.JP

Abstract

Sarcocystis spp., are zoonotic cyst-forming coccidian parasites that cause sarcocystosis. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence as well as distribution patterns of Sarcocystis spp. infection in slaughtered one-humped camels of Yazd province, Iran. Muscles of 130 camels were investigated for either macroscopic or microscopic sarcocysts during summer 2009. No macroscopic cyst was observed in the animals at naked eye inspection. Of examined camels, 67 (51.5 %) were positive for bradyzoites of the parasite by pepsin-digestion method. The infection rates of infected animals were 55.22, 50.75, 38.81, 34.33, and 28.36 %, in esophagus, heart, masseter muscle, intercostal muscle and limb muscle, respectively. Esophagus was the most commonly infected organ. No significant difference in the rate of infection between male (52.08 %) and female (51.22 %) camels was observed. Logistic regression analyses showed that infection rates' risk increased with increment in age of camels. This considerable prevalence of microscopic Sarcocystis spp. in Yazd province camels reflects a significant role played by wild and domestic carnivores in the transmission of these parasites.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.Department of Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.Institute of Applied-Scientific Education of Jihad-e-Agriculture, MolaSadra Center, University of Applied Science and Technology, Yazd, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24431561

Citation

Hamidinejat, Hossein, et al. "Prevalence and Distribution Patterns of Sarcocystis in Camels (Camelus Dromedarius) in Yazd Province, Iran." Journal of Parasitic Diseases : Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology, vol. 37, no. 2, 2013, pp. 163-5.
Hamidinejat H, Hekmatimoghaddam S, Jafari H, et al. Prevalence and distribution patterns of Sarcocystis in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Yazd province, Iran. Journal of parasitic diseases : official organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology. 2013;37(2):163-5.
Hamidinejat, H., Hekmatimoghaddam, S., Jafari, H., Sazmand, A., Haddad Molayan, P., Derakhshan, L., & Mirabdollahi, S. (2013). Prevalence and distribution patterns of Sarcocystis in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Yazd province, Iran. Journal of Parasitic Diseases : Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology, 37(2), 163-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-012-0150-z
Hamidinejat H, et al. Prevalence and Distribution Patterns of Sarcocystis in Camels (Camelus Dromedarius) in Yazd Province, Iran. Journal of parasitic diseases : official organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology. 2013;37(2):163-5. PubMed PMID: 24431561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and distribution patterns of Sarcocystis in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Yazd province, Iran. AU - Hamidinejat,Hossein, AU - Hekmatimoghaddam,Seyedhossein, AU - Jafari,Hedieh, AU - Sazmand,Alireza, AU - Haddad Molayan,Pedram, AU - Derakhshan,Leila, AU - Mirabdollahi,Seyedmehdi, Y1 - 2012/07/29/ PY - 2012/03/12/received PY - 2012/07/14/accepted PY - 2014/1/17/entrez PY - 2014/1/17/pubmed PY - 2014/1/17/medline KW - Camel KW - Iran KW - Prevalence KW - Sarcocystis KW - Yazd SP - 163 EP - 5 JF - Journal of parasitic diseases : official organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology VL - 37 IS - 2 N2 - Sarcocystis spp., are zoonotic cyst-forming coccidian parasites that cause sarcocystosis. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence as well as distribution patterns of Sarcocystis spp. infection in slaughtered one-humped camels of Yazd province, Iran. Muscles of 130 camels were investigated for either macroscopic or microscopic sarcocysts during summer 2009. No macroscopic cyst was observed in the animals at naked eye inspection. Of examined camels, 67 (51.5 %) were positive for bradyzoites of the parasite by pepsin-digestion method. The infection rates of infected animals were 55.22, 50.75, 38.81, 34.33, and 28.36 %, in esophagus, heart, masseter muscle, intercostal muscle and limb muscle, respectively. Esophagus was the most commonly infected organ. No significant difference in the rate of infection between male (52.08 %) and female (51.22 %) camels was observed. Logistic regression analyses showed that infection rates' risk increased with increment in age of camels. This considerable prevalence of microscopic Sarcocystis spp. in Yazd province camels reflects a significant role played by wild and domestic carnivores in the transmission of these parasites. SN - 0971-7196 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24431561/Prevalence_and_distribution_patterns_of_Sarcocystis_in_camels__Camelus_dromedarius__in_Yazd_province_Iran_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24431561/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -