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The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress on the clinical status of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and oral lichen planus.
J Oral Pathol Med. 2014 Jul; 43(6):410-7.JO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In spite of all the efforts, recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and oral lichen planus (OLP) still have unexplained etiology. The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress in occurrence and intensity of symptoms in RAS and OLP patients has been investigated in this study.

METHODS

A total of 110 patients with RAS in the acute phase and 112 patients with OLP also in acute phase participated in this study. All patients filled out questionnaires related to the primary disease (RAS/OLP) after which they took the following psychological tests: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ).

RESULTS

According to multiple regression analysis, in patients with RAS, the highest correlation was found between results of the pain intensity and STAI test (β= 0.66; p < 0.000). In the patients with OLP, the highest correlation was found between the level of hyperkeratosis and WCQ test (β = 0.53; P < 0.000), inflammation and results of BDI test (β = 0.33; P < 0.002), and results of dynia test and STAI test (β = 0.31; P < 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS

In this study, a high correlation between anxiety, depression, and psychological stress with symptoms of RAS and OLP has been observed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Study of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24450470

Citation

Gavic, Lidia, et al. "The Role of Anxiety, Depression, and Psychological Stress On the Clinical Status of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Oral Lichen Planus." Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, vol. 43, no. 6, 2014, pp. 410-7.
Gavic L, Cigic L, Biocina Lukenda D, et al. The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress on the clinical status of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and oral lichen planus. J Oral Pathol Med. 2014;43(6):410-7.
Gavic, L., Cigic, L., Biocina Lukenda, D., Gruden, V., & Gruden Pokupec, J. S. (2014). The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress on the clinical status of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and oral lichen planus. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 43(6), 410-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12148
Gavic L, et al. The Role of Anxiety, Depression, and Psychological Stress On the Clinical Status of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Oral Lichen Planus. J Oral Pathol Med. 2014;43(6):410-7. PubMed PMID: 24450470.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress on the clinical status of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and oral lichen planus. AU - Gavic,Lidia, AU - Cigic,Livia, AU - Biocina Lukenda,Dolores, AU - Gruden,Vladimir, AU - Gruden Pokupec,Josipa Sanja, Y1 - 2014/01/23/ PY - 2013/11/28/accepted PY - 2014/1/24/entrez PY - 2014/1/24/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline KW - anxiety KW - aphthous stomatitis KW - depression KW - oral lichen planus KW - psychological stress SP - 410 EP - 7 JF - Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology JO - J Oral Pathol Med VL - 43 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: In spite of all the efforts, recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and oral lichen planus (OLP) still have unexplained etiology. The role of anxiety, depression, and psychological stress in occurrence and intensity of symptoms in RAS and OLP patients has been investigated in this study. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with RAS in the acute phase and 112 patients with OLP also in acute phase participated in this study. All patients filled out questionnaires related to the primary disease (RAS/OLP) after which they took the following psychological tests: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ). RESULTS: According to multiple regression analysis, in patients with RAS, the highest correlation was found between results of the pain intensity and STAI test (β= 0.66; p < 0.000). In the patients with OLP, the highest correlation was found between the level of hyperkeratosis and WCQ test (β = 0.53; P < 0.000), inflammation and results of BDI test (β = 0.33; P < 0.002), and results of dynia test and STAI test (β = 0.31; P < 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a high correlation between anxiety, depression, and psychological stress with symptoms of RAS and OLP has been observed. SN - 1600-0714 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24450470/The_role_of_anxiety_depression_and_psychological_stress_on_the_clinical_status_of_recurrent_aphthous_stomatitis_and_oral_lichen_planus_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12148 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -