[Sorption and desorption characteristics of different structures of organic phosphorus onto aluminum (oxyhydr) oxides].Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2013 Nov; 34(11):4482-9.HJ
The sorption and desorption characteristics of four kinds of organic phosphorus with different molecular structures (glycerophosphate (GP), glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IHP)) on three kinds of aluminum (oxyhydr)oxides (amorphous Al(OH)3, boehmite, and alpha-Al2O3) were studied. The underlying mechanisms were also illustrated. Results showed that the maximum sorption amounts of OP onto Al (oxyhydr)oxides, on a per gram dry weight basis, decreased as following: amorphous Al(OH)3 > boehmite > alpha-Al2O3. This mainly related to the mineral crystallinity and surface heterogeneity. With the exception of sorption of IHP on amorphous Al (OH)3, the maximum sorption density decreased with increasing molecular weight (MW) of OP, following the order: GP > G6P > ATP > IHP. However, the sorption amount of IHP on amorphous Al (OH)3 was much higher than those of other OP, due to the transformation of surface complexes of IHP to surface precipitation and thus enhancing the sorption. The sorption kinetics results showed that sorption of OP underwent the first onset rapid sorption, i. e. a certain amount of sorption occurred within an onset extremely short period, and a following long and slow sorption process. Amorphous Al (OH)3 had the greatest onset rapid sorption density, and the onset rapid sorption density of OP on Al (oxyhydr) oxides decreased with increasing MW. Desorption capacities of OP by KCl and citrate solutions related to the surface affinity between OP and boehmite. Initial desorption percentages by KCl decreased in the order: G6P (10.53%) > GP(6.91%) > ATP (3.06%) > IHP (0.8%). The maximum desorption percentages of OP by citrate were 4-5 times greater than those by KCl. During resorption process of P by KCl, the maximum desorption rate achieved after a fast desorption in a few hours, followed by diffusion-resorption during which the desorption percentage gradually decreased. Specially, both diffusion-resorption and surface precipitation promoted the resorption of IHP on mineral surface. Conclusively, the strong specific sorption of OP occurs on the surface of Al (oxyhydr) oxides, and molecular structure and size of OP as well as the crystallinity and crystal structure of minerals are the key factors affecting the interfacial reactions and environmental behaviors of OP.