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Self-reported behaviour problems and sibling relationship quality by siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Child Care Health Dev. 2014 Nov; 40(6):833-9.CC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

There are few published research studies in which siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) provide self-reports about their own behavioural and emotional problems and their sibling relationships. Reliance on parent reports may lead to incomplete conclusions about the experiences of siblings themselves.

METHODS

Siblings 7-17 years and their mothers from 94 families of children with ASD were recruited. Mothers reported on family demographics, the behavioural and emotional problems of their child with ASD, and on their own symptoms of depression. Siblings reported on their relationship with their brother or sister with ASD, and siblings 11+ years of age also self-reported on their behavioural and emotional problems.

RESULTS

Compared with normative British data, siblings reported very slightly elevated levels of behavioural and emotional problems. However, none of the mean differences were statistically significant and all group differences were associated with small or very small effect sizes - the largest being for peer problems (effect size = 0.31). Regression analysis was used to explore family systems relationships, with sibling self-reports predicted by the behaviour problems scores for the child with ASD and by maternal depression. Maternal depression did not emerge as a predictor of siblings' self-reported sibling relationships or their behavioural and emotional problems. Higher levels of behaviour problems in the child with ASD predicted decreased warmth/closeness and increased conflict in the sibling relationship.

CONCLUSIONS

These data support the general findings of recent research in that there was little indication of clinically meaningful elevations in behavioural and emotional problems in siblings of children with ASD. Although further research replication is required, there was some indication that sibling relationships may be at risk where the child with ASD has significant behaviour problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Educational Development Appraisal and Research, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24460897

Citation

Hastings, R P., and M A. Petalas. "Self-reported Behaviour Problems and Sibling Relationship Quality By Siblings of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder." Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 40, no. 6, 2014, pp. 833-9.
Hastings RP, Petalas MA. Self-reported behaviour problems and sibling relationship quality by siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Child Care Health Dev. 2014;40(6):833-9.
Hastings, R. P., & Petalas, M. A. (2014). Self-reported behaviour problems and sibling relationship quality by siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Child: Care, Health and Development, 40(6), 833-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12131
Hastings RP, Petalas MA. Self-reported Behaviour Problems and Sibling Relationship Quality By Siblings of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child Care Health Dev. 2014;40(6):833-9. PubMed PMID: 24460897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-reported behaviour problems and sibling relationship quality by siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. AU - Hastings,R P, AU - Petalas,M A, Y1 - 2014/01/27/ PY - 2013/12/31/accepted PY - 2014/1/28/entrez PY - 2014/1/28/pubmed PY - 2015/7/1/medline KW - autism spectrum disorder KW - behaviour problems KW - maternal depression KW - sibling relationships KW - siblings KW - strengths and difficulties questionnaire SP - 833 EP - 9 JF - Child: care, health and development JO - Child Care Health Dev VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: There are few published research studies in which siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) provide self-reports about their own behavioural and emotional problems and their sibling relationships. Reliance on parent reports may lead to incomplete conclusions about the experiences of siblings themselves. METHODS: Siblings 7-17 years and their mothers from 94 families of children with ASD were recruited. Mothers reported on family demographics, the behavioural and emotional problems of their child with ASD, and on their own symptoms of depression. Siblings reported on their relationship with their brother or sister with ASD, and siblings 11+ years of age also self-reported on their behavioural and emotional problems. RESULTS: Compared with normative British data, siblings reported very slightly elevated levels of behavioural and emotional problems. However, none of the mean differences were statistically significant and all group differences were associated with small or very small effect sizes - the largest being for peer problems (effect size = 0.31). Regression analysis was used to explore family systems relationships, with sibling self-reports predicted by the behaviour problems scores for the child with ASD and by maternal depression. Maternal depression did not emerge as a predictor of siblings' self-reported sibling relationships or their behavioural and emotional problems. Higher levels of behaviour problems in the child with ASD predicted decreased warmth/closeness and increased conflict in the sibling relationship. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the general findings of recent research in that there was little indication of clinically meaningful elevations in behavioural and emotional problems in siblings of children with ASD. Although further research replication is required, there was some indication that sibling relationships may be at risk where the child with ASD has significant behaviour problems. SN - 1365-2214 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24460897/Self_reported_behaviour_problems_and_sibling_relationship_quality_by_siblings_of_children_with_autism_spectrum_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12131 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -