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Prebiotics and probiotics: the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis in children.
Benef Microbes 2014; 5(2):151-60BM

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to identify whether supplementation with prebiotics and/or probiotics help prevent the development or reduce the severity of atopic dermatitis in children less than three years of age. Since 1997, immunostimulatory supplements, such as prebiotics and probiotics, have been investigated. Various supplementations include probiotics (single strain or mix), probiotics with formula, probiotics mix with prebiotics, and prebiotics. In this narrative review, we examined 13 key articles on prebiotics and/or probiotics, and their effects on infant atopic dermatitis. Among the selected studies, a total of 3,023 participants received supplements or placebo. Eight out of the 13 (61.5%) studies reported a significant effect on the prevention of atopic dermatitis after supplementation with probiotics and/or prebiotics. Five out of the 13 (38.5%) studies indicated significant reduction in the severity of atopic dermatitis after supplementation. Based on the available studies, supplementation with certain probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG) appears to be an effective approach for the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis. A mix of specific probiotic strains prevented atopic dermatitis among infants. Based on studies with prebiotics, there was a long-term reduction in the incidence of atopic dermatitis. Supplementation with prebiotics and probiotics appears useful for the reduction in the severity of atopic dermatitis. Additional interventional studies exploring prebiotics and probiotics are imperative before recommendations can be made.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, University of California at Davis School of Medicine, 3301 C Street, Suite 1400, Sacramento, CA 95816, USA.Department of Dermatology, University of California at Davis School of Medicine, 3301 C Street, Suite 1400, Sacramento, CA 95816, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24463205

Citation

Foolad, N, and A W. Armstrong. "Prebiotics and Probiotics: the Prevention and Reduction in Severity of Atopic Dermatitis in Children." Beneficial Microbes, vol. 5, no. 2, 2014, pp. 151-60.
Foolad N, Armstrong AW. Prebiotics and probiotics: the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis in children. Benef Microbes. 2014;5(2):151-60.
Foolad, N., & Armstrong, A. W. (2014). Prebiotics and probiotics: the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis in children. Beneficial Microbes, 5(2), pp. 151-60. doi:10.3920/BM2013.0034.
Foolad N, Armstrong AW. Prebiotics and Probiotics: the Prevention and Reduction in Severity of Atopic Dermatitis in Children. Benef Microbes. 2014 Jun 1;5(2):151-60. PubMed PMID: 24463205.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prebiotics and probiotics: the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis in children. AU - Foolad,N, AU - Armstrong,A W, PY - 2014/1/28/entrez PY - 2014/1/28/pubmed PY - 2014/11/18/medline KW - atopic dermatitis KW - children KW - prebiotics KW - prevention KW - probiotics SP - 151 EP - 60 JF - Beneficial microbes JO - Benef Microbes VL - 5 IS - 2 N2 - The purpose of this review was to identify whether supplementation with prebiotics and/or probiotics help prevent the development or reduce the severity of atopic dermatitis in children less than three years of age. Since 1997, immunostimulatory supplements, such as prebiotics and probiotics, have been investigated. Various supplementations include probiotics (single strain or mix), probiotics with formula, probiotics mix with prebiotics, and prebiotics. In this narrative review, we examined 13 key articles on prebiotics and/or probiotics, and their effects on infant atopic dermatitis. Among the selected studies, a total of 3,023 participants received supplements or placebo. Eight out of the 13 (61.5%) studies reported a significant effect on the prevention of atopic dermatitis after supplementation with probiotics and/or prebiotics. Five out of the 13 (38.5%) studies indicated significant reduction in the severity of atopic dermatitis after supplementation. Based on the available studies, supplementation with certain probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG) appears to be an effective approach for the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis. A mix of specific probiotic strains prevented atopic dermatitis among infants. Based on studies with prebiotics, there was a long-term reduction in the incidence of atopic dermatitis. Supplementation with prebiotics and probiotics appears useful for the reduction in the severity of atopic dermatitis. Additional interventional studies exploring prebiotics and probiotics are imperative before recommendations can be made. SN - 1876-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24463205/Prebiotics_and_probiotics:_the_prevention_and_reduction_in_severity_of_atopic_dermatitis_in_children_ L2 - http://www.wageningenacademic.com/doi/full/10.3920/BM2013.0034?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -