Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying mecA or mecC in dairy cattle.
Vet Microbiol. 2014 Jul 16; 171(3-4):364-7.VM

Abstract

In the Netherlands, livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) has been found in pigs, veal calves, horses and poultry. However, little is known about its prevalence in healthy dairy cattle. Recently, a new mec gene, called mecC, has been found in methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates from humans and animals in several countries. The objective of our pilot study was to investigate the prevalence of MRSA (mecA and mecC) in dairy cows at a large slaughterhouse. Samples from the skin between the udder and hind leg were taken from 411 cows. The samples were incubated in Mueller-Hinton enrichment broth with 6.5% NaCl, followed by selective enrichment and plated onto Columbia agar with 5% sheep blood, Brilliance MRSA 2 agar and Baird-Parker agar. Suspected colonies were tested by PCR for a S. aureus specific DNA fragment, the mecA and mecC genes and the Panton-Valentine leucotoxin (PVL) genes. All MRSA isolates and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) isolates were typed by spa typing and MLVA typing. Sixteen of 411 (3.9%) cows, all originating from different farms, were found to be MRSA positive and this prevalence is lower than in Dutch pigs, veal calves and broilers. All MRSA isolates belonging to livestock-associated MLVA complex 398, were PVL-negative and spa type t011 predominated. MSSA isolates (n=39) were of many different MLVA types and spa type t543 was found most often. Four MSSA isolates belonging to MLVA clonal complex 398 and spa types t011 (n=2), t108 and t034 were isolated from different MRSA-negative animals. In conclusion, the prevalence of MRSA in dairy cows was low and isolates carrying the mecC gene were not found, indicating that it is absent or has a low prevalence (<0.73%) in Dutch dairy cows.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: engeline.van.duijkeren@rivm.nl.Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, Utrecht, The Netherlands.VION Food Group, Boxtel, The Netherlands.Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24495740

Citation

van Duijkeren, E, et al. "Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Carrying mecA or mecC in Dairy Cattle." Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 171, no. 3-4, 2014, pp. 364-7.
van Duijkeren E, Hengeveld PD, Albers M, et al. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying mecA or mecC in dairy cattle. Vet Microbiol. 2014;171(3-4):364-7.
van Duijkeren, E., Hengeveld, P. D., Albers, M., Pluister, G., Jacobs, P., Heres, L., & van de Giessen, A. W. (2014). Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying mecA or mecC in dairy cattle. Veterinary Microbiology, 171(3-4), 364-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.12.024
van Duijkeren E, et al. Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Carrying mecA or mecC in Dairy Cattle. Vet Microbiol. 2014 Jul 16;171(3-4):364-7. PubMed PMID: 24495740.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying mecA or mecC in dairy cattle. AU - van Duijkeren,E, AU - Hengeveld,P D, AU - Albers,M, AU - Pluister,G, AU - Jacobs,P, AU - Heres,L, AU - van de Giessen,A W, Y1 - 2014/01/15/ PY - 2013/10/23/received PY - 2013/12/21/revised PY - 2013/12/23/accepted PY - 2014/2/6/entrez PY - 2014/2/6/pubmed PY - 2015/1/16/medline KW - Dairy cattle KW - MRSA KW - Staphylococcus aureus KW - mecA KW - mecC SP - 364 EP - 7 JF - Veterinary microbiology JO - Vet Microbiol VL - 171 IS - 3-4 N2 - In the Netherlands, livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) has been found in pigs, veal calves, horses and poultry. However, little is known about its prevalence in healthy dairy cattle. Recently, a new mec gene, called mecC, has been found in methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates from humans and animals in several countries. The objective of our pilot study was to investigate the prevalence of MRSA (mecA and mecC) in dairy cows at a large slaughterhouse. Samples from the skin between the udder and hind leg were taken from 411 cows. The samples were incubated in Mueller-Hinton enrichment broth with 6.5% NaCl, followed by selective enrichment and plated onto Columbia agar with 5% sheep blood, Brilliance MRSA 2 agar and Baird-Parker agar. Suspected colonies were tested by PCR for a S. aureus specific DNA fragment, the mecA and mecC genes and the Panton-Valentine leucotoxin (PVL) genes. All MRSA isolates and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) isolates were typed by spa typing and MLVA typing. Sixteen of 411 (3.9%) cows, all originating from different farms, were found to be MRSA positive and this prevalence is lower than in Dutch pigs, veal calves and broilers. All MRSA isolates belonging to livestock-associated MLVA complex 398, were PVL-negative and spa type t011 predominated. MSSA isolates (n=39) were of many different MLVA types and spa type t543 was found most often. Four MSSA isolates belonging to MLVA clonal complex 398 and spa types t011 (n=2), t108 and t034 were isolated from different MRSA-negative animals. In conclusion, the prevalence of MRSA in dairy cows was low and isolates carrying the mecC gene were not found, indicating that it is absent or has a low prevalence (<0.73%) in Dutch dairy cows. SN - 1873-2542 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24495740/Prevalence_of_methicillin_resistant_Staphylococcus_aureus_carrying_mecA_or_mecC_in_dairy_cattle_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-1135(14)00025-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -