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Colorectal cancer and nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the second most prevalent cancer worldwide. A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies was conducted to examine the association between intake of different types of dairy foods during adulthood and the development of colorectal cancer, specifically comparing nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk. Seven databases were systematically searched and 15 cohort studies selected for inclusion, involving over 900,000 subjects and over 5200 colorectal cancer cases. Meta-analysis resulted in an overall relative risk of colon cancer of 0.74 (95% confidence interval 0.60-0.91) in men consuming nonfermented milk (highest intake category averaging 525 g/day). No association was found between consumption of nonfermented milk and rectal cancer in men or nonfermented milk and colon or rectal cancer in women. No protective association was found between consumption of solid cheese or fermented milk and colorectal cancer. Reasons for the differences in the impact of nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk in the colon are discussed. This meta-analysis supports the inverse association between nonfermented milk consumption and risk of colon cancer in men, and provides an evidence base to assist in the formulation of dietary guidelines involving dairy foods.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Southern Clinical School of Medicine, Monash Medical Centre , Monash University , Victoria , Australia.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Animals
    Cheese
    Colonic Neoplasms
    Colorectal Neoplasms
    Cultured Milk Products
    Diet
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Milk
    Nutrition Policy
    Prospective Studies
    Rectal Neoplasms
    Risk Factors
    Sex Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Meta-Analysis
    Review
    Systematic Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24499149

    Citation

    Ralston, Robin A., et al. "Colorectal Cancer and Nonfermented Milk, Solid Cheese, and Fermented Milk Consumption: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Studies." Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 9, 2014, pp. 1167-79.
    Ralston RA, Truby H, Palermo CE, et al. Colorectal cancer and nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(9):1167-79.
    Ralston, R. A., Truby, H., Palermo, C. E., & Walker, K. Z. (2014). Colorectal cancer and nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 54(9), pp. 1167-79. doi:10.1080/10408398.2011.629353.
    Ralston RA, et al. Colorectal Cancer and Nonfermented Milk, Solid Cheese, and Fermented Milk Consumption: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Studies. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(9):1167-79. PubMed PMID: 24499149.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Colorectal cancer and nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. AU - Ralston,Robin A, AU - Truby,Helen, AU - Palermo,Claire E, AU - Walker,Karen Z, PY - 2014/2/7/entrez PY - 2014/2/7/pubmed PY - 2014/7/30/medline SP - 1167 EP - 79 JF - Critical reviews in food science and nutrition JO - Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr VL - 54 IS - 9 N2 - Colorectal cancer is the second most prevalent cancer worldwide. A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies was conducted to examine the association between intake of different types of dairy foods during adulthood and the development of colorectal cancer, specifically comparing nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk. Seven databases were systematically searched and 15 cohort studies selected for inclusion, involving over 900,000 subjects and over 5200 colorectal cancer cases. Meta-analysis resulted in an overall relative risk of colon cancer of 0.74 (95% confidence interval 0.60-0.91) in men consuming nonfermented milk (highest intake category averaging 525 g/day). No association was found between consumption of nonfermented milk and rectal cancer in men or nonfermented milk and colon or rectal cancer in women. No protective association was found between consumption of solid cheese or fermented milk and colorectal cancer. Reasons for the differences in the impact of nonfermented milk, solid cheese, and fermented milk in the colon are discussed. This meta-analysis supports the inverse association between nonfermented milk consumption and risk of colon cancer in men, and provides an evidence base to assist in the formulation of dietary guidelines involving dairy foods. SN - 1549-7852 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24499149/Colorectal_cancer_and_nonfermented_milk_solid_cheese_and_fermented_milk_consumption:_a_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_of_prospective_studies_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2011.629353 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -