Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in attempted suicide.
Psychiatry Res. 2014 Mar 30; 215(3):646-50.PR

Abstract

An association between low levels of serum cholesterol and violent or suicidal behaviour has frequently been reported. However the role of serum cholesterol in the cycle of violence (Widom, 1989) has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate association between exposure to violence during childhood and used adult violence in suicide attempters with low and high serum cholesterol levels. 81 suicide attempters were assessed with the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) measuring exposure to violence and expressed violent behaviour in childhood (between 6 and 14 years of age) and during adult life (15 years or older). We used median split to dichotomise groups below and above median serum cholesterol. In patients with serum cholesterol below median, the correlation between exposure to violence as a child and used adult violence was significant (rho=0.52, p=0.002), while in patients with serum cholesterol above median, the correlation between exposure to violence as a child and expressed violent behaviour as an adult was not significant (rho=0.25, p=0.2). Comorbid substance abuse predicted violent behaviour as an adult only in patients with serum cholesterol above median. Serum cholesterol may modify the effect of the "Cycle of Violence".

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Neuroscience/Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience/Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience/Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Neuroscience/Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: jussi.jokinen@ki.se.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24503286

Citation

Asellus, Peter, et al. "Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in Attempted Suicide." Psychiatry Research, vol. 215, no. 3, 2014, pp. 646-50.
Asellus P, Nordström P, Nordström AL, et al. Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in attempted suicide. Psychiatry Res. 2014;215(3):646-50.
Asellus, P., Nordström, P., Nordström, A. L., & Jokinen, J. (2014). Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in attempted suicide. Psychiatry Research, 215(3), 646-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.009
Asellus P, et al. Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in Attempted Suicide. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Mar 30;215(3):646-50. PubMed PMID: 24503286.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cholesterol and the "Cycle of Violence" in attempted suicide. AU - Asellus,Peter, AU - Nordström,Peter, AU - Nordström,Anna-Lena, AU - Jokinen,Jussi, Y1 - 2014/01/16/ PY - 2013/06/22/received PY - 2013/12/06/revised PY - 2014/01/07/accepted PY - 2014/2/8/entrez PY - 2014/2/8/pubmed PY - 2015/3/19/medline KW - Childhood trauma KW - Cholesterol KW - Cycle of violence KW - Suicide KW - Suicide attempt KW - Violence SP - 646 EP - 50 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 215 IS - 3 N2 - An association between low levels of serum cholesterol and violent or suicidal behaviour has frequently been reported. However the role of serum cholesterol in the cycle of violence (Widom, 1989) has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate association between exposure to violence during childhood and used adult violence in suicide attempters with low and high serum cholesterol levels. 81 suicide attempters were assessed with the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) measuring exposure to violence and expressed violent behaviour in childhood (between 6 and 14 years of age) and during adult life (15 years or older). We used median split to dichotomise groups below and above median serum cholesterol. In patients with serum cholesterol below median, the correlation between exposure to violence as a child and used adult violence was significant (rho=0.52, p=0.002), while in patients with serum cholesterol above median, the correlation between exposure to violence as a child and expressed violent behaviour as an adult was not significant (rho=0.25, p=0.2). Comorbid substance abuse predicted violent behaviour as an adult only in patients with serum cholesterol above median. Serum cholesterol may modify the effect of the "Cycle of Violence". SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24503286/Cholesterol_and_the_"Cycle_of_Violence"_in_attempted_suicide_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(14)00045-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -