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Interactions of alfalfa hay and sodium propionate on dairy calf performance and rumen development.
J Dairy Sci 2014; 97(4):2270-80JD

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of different levels of alfalfa hay (AH) and sodium propionate (Pro) added to starter diets of Holstein calves on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics, and rumen development. Forty-two male Holstein calves (40±2kg of birth weight) were used in a complete randomized design with a 3×2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dietary treatments were as follows: (1) control = concentrate only; (2) Pro = concentrate with 5% sodium propionate [dry matter (DM) basis]; (3) 5% AH = concentrate + 5% alfalfa hay (DM basis); (4) 5% AH + Pro = concentrate + 5% alfalfa hay + 5% sodium propionate (DM basis); (5) 10% AH = concentrate + 10% alfalfa hay (DM basis); and (6) 10% AH + Pro = concentrate + 10% alfalfa hay + 5% sodium propionate (DM basis). All calves were housed in individual pens bedded with sawdust until 10wk of age. They were given ad libitum access to water and starter throughout the experiment and were fed 2L of milk twice daily. Dry matter intake was recorded daily and body weight weekly. Calves from the control, 10% AH, and 10% AH + Pro treatments were euthanized after wk 10, and rumen wall samples were collected. Feeding of forage was found to increase overall dry matter intake, average daily gain, and final weight; supplementing sodium propionate had no effect on these parameters. Calves consuming forage had lower feed efficiency than those on the Pro diet. Rumen fluid in calves consuming forage had higher pH and greater concentrations of total volatile fatty acids and molar acetate. Morphometric parameters of the rumen wall substantiated the effect of AH supplementation, as plaque formation decreased macroscopically. Overall, the interaction between forage and sodium propionate did not affect calf performance parameters measured at the end of the experiment. Furthermore, inclusion of AH in starter diets positively enhanced the growth performance of male Holstein calves and influenced both the macroscopic and microscopic appearances of the rumen wall. These benefits, however, were small when only sodium propionate was offered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran. Electronic address: hamedbeiran669@gmail.com.Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran.Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran.Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 91779-48974, Iran.Department of Animal Sciences, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj 31587-77871, Iran.Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran.Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24508441

Citation

Beiranvand, H, et al. "Interactions of Alfalfa Hay and Sodium Propionate On Dairy Calf Performance and Rumen Development." Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 97, no. 4, 2014, pp. 2270-80.
Beiranvand H, Ghorbani GR, Khorvash M, et al. Interactions of alfalfa hay and sodium propionate on dairy calf performance and rumen development. J Dairy Sci. 2014;97(4):2270-80.
Beiranvand, H., Ghorbani, G. R., Khorvash, M., Nabipour, A., Dehghan-Banadaky, M., Homayouni, A., & Kargar, S. (2014). Interactions of alfalfa hay and sodium propionate on dairy calf performance and rumen development. Journal of Dairy Science, 97(4), pp. 2270-80. doi:10.3168/jds.2012-6332.
Beiranvand H, et al. Interactions of Alfalfa Hay and Sodium Propionate On Dairy Calf Performance and Rumen Development. J Dairy Sci. 2014;97(4):2270-80. PubMed PMID: 24508441.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interactions of alfalfa hay and sodium propionate on dairy calf performance and rumen development. AU - Beiranvand,H, AU - Ghorbani,G R, AU - Khorvash,M, AU - Nabipour,A, AU - Dehghan-Banadaky,M, AU - Homayouni,A, AU - Kargar,S, Y1 - 2014/02/06/ PY - 2012/10/31/received PY - 2013/07/22/accepted PY - 2014/2/11/entrez PY - 2014/2/11/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline KW - calf KW - forage KW - rumen development KW - sodium propionate SP - 2270 EP - 80 JF - Journal of dairy science JO - J. Dairy Sci. VL - 97 IS - 4 N2 - The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of different levels of alfalfa hay (AH) and sodium propionate (Pro) added to starter diets of Holstein calves on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics, and rumen development. Forty-two male Holstein calves (40±2kg of birth weight) were used in a complete randomized design with a 3×2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dietary treatments were as follows: (1) control = concentrate only; (2) Pro = concentrate with 5% sodium propionate [dry matter (DM) basis]; (3) 5% AH = concentrate + 5% alfalfa hay (DM basis); (4) 5% AH + Pro = concentrate + 5% alfalfa hay + 5% sodium propionate (DM basis); (5) 10% AH = concentrate + 10% alfalfa hay (DM basis); and (6) 10% AH + Pro = concentrate + 10% alfalfa hay + 5% sodium propionate (DM basis). All calves were housed in individual pens bedded with sawdust until 10wk of age. They were given ad libitum access to water and starter throughout the experiment and were fed 2L of milk twice daily. Dry matter intake was recorded daily and body weight weekly. Calves from the control, 10% AH, and 10% AH + Pro treatments were euthanized after wk 10, and rumen wall samples were collected. Feeding of forage was found to increase overall dry matter intake, average daily gain, and final weight; supplementing sodium propionate had no effect on these parameters. Calves consuming forage had lower feed efficiency than those on the Pro diet. Rumen fluid in calves consuming forage had higher pH and greater concentrations of total volatile fatty acids and molar acetate. Morphometric parameters of the rumen wall substantiated the effect of AH supplementation, as plaque formation decreased macroscopically. Overall, the interaction between forage and sodium propionate did not affect calf performance parameters measured at the end of the experiment. Furthermore, inclusion of AH in starter diets positively enhanced the growth performance of male Holstein calves and influenced both the macroscopic and microscopic appearances of the rumen wall. These benefits, however, were small when only sodium propionate was offered. SN - 1525-3198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24508441/Interactions_of_alfalfa_hay_and_sodium_propionate_on_dairy_calf_performance_and_rumen_development_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0302(14)00087-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -