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Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument.
Psychol Assess. 2014 Jun; 26(2):628-41.PA

Abstract

In this study we describe the PEERS Measure, a computerized assessment instrument that takes an innovative approach to using the peer-nomination method to identify bullying among elementary school children in Grades 1-2. Its psychometric characteristics were measured in 4,017 children from 190 school classes. The intercorrelations between the peer-nomination scores showed congruence of the data (e.g., bullying and peer rejection r = .51, defending and prosocial behavior r = .71). Boys were more involved in bullying, more rejected, and less prosocial. As reports by different informants were used, correlations of peer-reported bullying with aggressive behavior reported by a child him- or herself (r = .37) or by a teacher (r = .42) were in the expected range. Good test-retest reliability as measured by the intraclass correlations (average: .72) further suggests that the instrument has good psychometric properties. In line with earlier research, lower maternal educational levels, younger maternal age, and lower household income were related to more bullying and victimization. Overall, our findings show that the instrument provides a reliable measure of peer relations, thus making the use of peer nominations feasible in early elementary school.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center.Department of Sociology, University of Groningen.The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia.Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center.Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center.The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24512423

Citation

Verlinden, Marina, et al. "Detecting Bullying in Early Elementary School With a Computerized Peer-nomination Instrument." Psychological Assessment, vol. 26, no. 2, 2014, pp. 628-41.
Verlinden M, Veenstra R, Ringoot AP, et al. Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument. Psychol Assess. 2014;26(2):628-41.
Verlinden, M., Veenstra, R., Ringoot, A. P., Jansen, P. W., Raat, H., Hofman, A., Jaddoe, V. W., Verhulst, F. C., & Tiemeier, H. (2014). Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument. Psychological Assessment, 26(2), 628-41. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035571
Verlinden M, et al. Detecting Bullying in Early Elementary School With a Computerized Peer-nomination Instrument. Psychol Assess. 2014;26(2):628-41. PubMed PMID: 24512423.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument. AU - Verlinden,Marina, AU - Veenstra,René, AU - Ringoot,Ank P, AU - Jansen,Pauline W, AU - Raat,Hein, AU - Hofman,Albert, AU - Jaddoe,Vincent W V, AU - Verhulst,Frank C, AU - Tiemeier,Henning, Y1 - 2014/02/10/ PY - 2014/2/12/entrez PY - 2014/2/12/pubmed PY - 2015/9/18/medline SP - 628 EP - 41 JF - Psychological assessment JO - Psychol Assess VL - 26 IS - 2 N2 - In this study we describe the PEERS Measure, a computerized assessment instrument that takes an innovative approach to using the peer-nomination method to identify bullying among elementary school children in Grades 1-2. Its psychometric characteristics were measured in 4,017 children from 190 school classes. The intercorrelations between the peer-nomination scores showed congruence of the data (e.g., bullying and peer rejection r = .51, defending and prosocial behavior r = .71). Boys were more involved in bullying, more rejected, and less prosocial. As reports by different informants were used, correlations of peer-reported bullying with aggressive behavior reported by a child him- or herself (r = .37) or by a teacher (r = .42) were in the expected range. Good test-retest reliability as measured by the intraclass correlations (average: .72) further suggests that the instrument has good psychometric properties. In line with earlier research, lower maternal educational levels, younger maternal age, and lower household income were related to more bullying and victimization. Overall, our findings show that the instrument provides a reliable measure of peer relations, thus making the use of peer nominations feasible in early elementary school. SN - 1939-134X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24512423/Detecting_bullying_in_early_elementary_school_with_a_computerized_peer_nomination_instrument_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/pas/26/2/628 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -