Bleeding from a duodenal varix: a unique case of variceal hemostasis achieved using EUS-guided placement of an embolization coil and cyanoacrylate.J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014 Apr; 48(4):362-4.JC
We report a case of a bleeding duodenal varix demonstrating excellent hemostasis achieved by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-directed placement of an embolization coil followed by cyanoacrylate. A 31-year-old man with decompensated Child's class C cirrhosis presented with hematemesis. An initial endoscopy revealed an actively bleeding duodenal varix. Subsequent attempt at hemostasis with ethanolamine oleate injection failed. A later attempt at hemostasis involving EUS-guided placement of an embolization coil followed by cyanoacrylate injection into the varix was successful. We reviewed the literature involving the treatment of bleeding ectopic varices and conclude that EUS provides a unique and advantageous modality for achieving variceal hemostasis of duodenal varices in patients who are not candidates for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.