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Meal pattern among Norwegian primary-school children and longitudinal associations between meal skipping and weight status.
Public Health Nutr. 2015 Feb; 18(2):286-91.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate meal pattern longitudinally and explore whether meal skipping was associated with overweight among Norwegian children and adolescents.

DESIGN

Longitudinal study. Children's meal frequencies were reported by their parents using a retrospective FFQ. Weight and height were measured by public health nurses. Descriptive data comparing 4th and 7th grade were analysed by paired-sample t tests for continuous variables and χ 2 tests for categorical variables. Odds ratio estimates, including confidence intervals, with BMI category (normal/overweight) as the dependent variable, were determined through logistic regression analyses.

SETTING

Primary schools, Telemark County, Norway.

SUBJECTS

A cohort of 428 Norwegian boys and girls; 4th graders in 2007, 7th graders in 2010.

RESULTS

The number of children eating four main meals per day (regular meal frequency) decreased from 4th grade (47 %) to 7th grade (38 %; P = 0·001). Those who ate regular meals in 4th grade but not in 7th grade had higher odds (OR = 3·1; 95 % CI 1·1, 9·0) of being overweight in 7th grade after adjusting for gender, maternal education and physical activity, but the odds ratio was not statistically significant after adjusting for overweight in 4th grade (OR = 2·8; 95 % CI 0·7, 11·6).

CONCLUSIONS

The present study showed significant increases in overall meal skipping among children between 4th and 7th grade. The results indicate an association between overweight and meal skipping, but additional prospective and longitudinal analyses and intervention trials are warranted to confirm this relationship.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Public Health,Sport and Nutrition,University of Agder,Postboks 422,N-4604 Kristiansand,Norway.1Department of Public Health,Sport and Nutrition,University of Agder,Postboks 422,N-4604 Kristiansand,Norway.1Department of Public Health,Sport and Nutrition,University of Agder,Postboks 422,N-4604 Kristiansand,Norway.2Department of Occupational Medicine,Telemark Hospital,Skien,Norway.3Department of Health Studies,Telemark University College,Porsgrunn,Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24521714

Citation

Stea, Tonje H., et al. "Meal Pattern Among Norwegian Primary-school Children and Longitudinal Associations Between Meal Skipping and Weight Status." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 2, 2015, pp. 286-91.
Stea TH, Vik FN, Bere E, et al. Meal pattern among Norwegian primary-school children and longitudinal associations between meal skipping and weight status. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(2):286-91.
Stea, T. H., Vik, F. N., Bere, E., Svendsen, M. V., & Oellingrath, I. M. (2015). Meal pattern among Norwegian primary-school children and longitudinal associations between meal skipping and weight status. Public Health Nutrition, 18(2), 286-91. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001400010X
Stea TH, et al. Meal Pattern Among Norwegian Primary-school Children and Longitudinal Associations Between Meal Skipping and Weight Status. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(2):286-91. PubMed PMID: 24521714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Meal pattern among Norwegian primary-school children and longitudinal associations between meal skipping and weight status. AU - Stea,Tonje H, AU - Vik,Frøydis N, AU - Bere,Elling, AU - Svendsen,Martin V, AU - Oellingrath,Inger M, Y1 - 2014/02/13/ PY - 2014/2/14/entrez PY - 2014/2/14/pubmed PY - 2016/5/14/medline KW - Children KW - Food habits KW - Longitudinal KW - Meal skipping KW - Weight status SP - 286 EP - 91 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 18 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate meal pattern longitudinally and explore whether meal skipping was associated with overweight among Norwegian children and adolescents. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. Children's meal frequencies were reported by their parents using a retrospective FFQ. Weight and height were measured by public health nurses. Descriptive data comparing 4th and 7th grade were analysed by paired-sample t tests for continuous variables and χ 2 tests for categorical variables. Odds ratio estimates, including confidence intervals, with BMI category (normal/overweight) as the dependent variable, were determined through logistic regression analyses. SETTING: Primary schools, Telemark County, Norway. SUBJECTS: A cohort of 428 Norwegian boys and girls; 4th graders in 2007, 7th graders in 2010. RESULTS: The number of children eating four main meals per day (regular meal frequency) decreased from 4th grade (47 %) to 7th grade (38 %; P = 0·001). Those who ate regular meals in 4th grade but not in 7th grade had higher odds (OR = 3·1; 95 % CI 1·1, 9·0) of being overweight in 7th grade after adjusting for gender, maternal education and physical activity, but the odds ratio was not statistically significant after adjusting for overweight in 4th grade (OR = 2·8; 95 % CI 0·7, 11·6). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed significant increases in overall meal skipping among children between 4th and 7th grade. The results indicate an association between overweight and meal skipping, but additional prospective and longitudinal analyses and intervention trials are warranted to confirm this relationship. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24521714/Meal_pattern_among_Norwegian_primary_school_children_and_longitudinal_associations_between_meal_skipping_and_weight_status_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001400010X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -