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Short-term and long-term adverse cardiovascular events across the glycaemic spectrum in patients with acute coronary syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2.
Coron Artery Dis 2014; 25(4):330-8CA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Limited data exist on the prognostic impacts of diabetes mellitus (DM) and new-onset hyperglycaemia (NOH) on cardiovascular outcomes in Middle Eastern patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Here, we explored this relationship in a large contemporary Middle Eastern ACS registry: the second Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2).

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Our analysis included 6362 consecutive ACS patients enrolled from October 2008 to June 2009, with or without a known DM diagnosis, and with an available fasting blood sugar measurement from the index hospitalization. Baseline demographics, risk factors for atherosclerosis, medical history, investigations and therapies were registered. Adverse hospital outcomes, as well as short-term and long-term mortalities were compared. Comparisons for categorical data were performed using χ or Fisher's exact tests, whereas analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for continuous variables. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio.

RESULTS

Almost half of the ACS cohort had been diagnosed previously with DM, and 8.8% had NOH. DM patients were more frequently older, female and Arab Gulf nationals. Compared with nondiabetic patients, DM patients had higher rates of adverse in-hospital clinical events, and 30-day and 1-year mortality. NOH was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, major bleeding and cardiogenic shock. Patients with NOH had higher in-hospital mortality (8.29 vs. 5.37%, P=0.035), ventricular arrhythmia (4.97 vs. 1.91%, P<0.001) and cardiogenic shock rates (6.45 vs. 4.12%, P=0.019) compared with DM patients not requiring insulin.

CONCLUSION

DM was very common among ACS patients in the Arab Gulf area, and ACS patients with NOH were at a higher risk compared with euglycaemic patients and diabetic patients not requiring insulin. Further studies are needed to examine the clinical impact of in-hospital intensive glycaemic control in these patients and to explore the long-term glycaemic status of ACS patients with NOH.

Authors+Show Affiliations

aDepartment of Cardiac Sciences, King Fahad Cardiac Center, King Khalid University Hospital, College of Medicine, King Saud University bFamily and Community Medicine Department, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh cCardiology Department, Saud AlBabtain Cardiac Center, Dammam dDepartment of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia eDepartment of Cardiology, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates fTufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA gDepartment of Cardiology, Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha, Qatar hDepartment of Cardiology, Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman iCardiology Division, Mohammed Bin Khalifa Cardiac Center, Manama, Bahrain jDepartment of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sana's University, Sana'a, Yemen.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24525788

Citation

Alfaleh, Hussam F., et al. "Short-term and Long-term Adverse Cardiovascular Events Across the Glycaemic Spectrum in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2." Coronary Artery Disease, vol. 25, no. 4, 2014, pp. 330-8.
Alfaleh HF, Alhabib KF, Kashour T, et al. Short-term and long-term adverse cardiovascular events across the glycaemic spectrum in patients with acute coronary syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2. Coron Artery Dis. 2014;25(4):330-8.
Alfaleh, H. F., Alhabib, K. F., Kashour, T., Ullah, A., Alsheikhali, A. A., Al Suwaidi, J., ... Hersi, A. (2014). Short-term and long-term adverse cardiovascular events across the glycaemic spectrum in patients with acute coronary syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2. Coronary Artery Disease, 25(4), pp. 330-8. doi:10.1097/MCA.0000000000000090.
Alfaleh HF, et al. Short-term and Long-term Adverse Cardiovascular Events Across the Glycaemic Spectrum in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2. Coron Artery Dis. 2014;25(4):330-8. PubMed PMID: 24525788.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Short-term and long-term adverse cardiovascular events across the glycaemic spectrum in patients with acute coronary syndrome: the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events-2. AU - Alfaleh,Hussam F, AU - Alhabib,Khalid F, AU - Kashour,Tarek, AU - Ullah,Anhar, AU - Alsheikhali,Alawi A, AU - Al Suwaidi,Jassim, AU - Sulaiman,Kadhim, AU - Al Saif,Shukri, AU - Almahmeed,Wael, AU - Asaad,Nidal, AU - Amin,Haitham, AU - Al-Motarreb,Ahmed, AU - Mimish,Layth, AU - Hersi,Ahmad, PY - 2014/2/15/entrez PY - 2014/2/15/pubmed PY - 2014/12/15/medline SP - 330 EP - 8 JF - Coronary artery disease JO - Coron. Artery Dis. VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the prognostic impacts of diabetes mellitus (DM) and new-onset hyperglycaemia (NOH) on cardiovascular outcomes in Middle Eastern patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Here, we explored this relationship in a large contemporary Middle Eastern ACS registry: the second Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our analysis included 6362 consecutive ACS patients enrolled from October 2008 to June 2009, with or without a known DM diagnosis, and with an available fasting blood sugar measurement from the index hospitalization. Baseline demographics, risk factors for atherosclerosis, medical history, investigations and therapies were registered. Adverse hospital outcomes, as well as short-term and long-term mortalities were compared. Comparisons for categorical data were performed using χ or Fisher's exact tests, whereas analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for continuous variables. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio. RESULTS: Almost half of the ACS cohort had been diagnosed previously with DM, and 8.8% had NOH. DM patients were more frequently older, female and Arab Gulf nationals. Compared with nondiabetic patients, DM patients had higher rates of adverse in-hospital clinical events, and 30-day and 1-year mortality. NOH was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, major bleeding and cardiogenic shock. Patients with NOH had higher in-hospital mortality (8.29 vs. 5.37%, P=0.035), ventricular arrhythmia (4.97 vs. 1.91%, P<0.001) and cardiogenic shock rates (6.45 vs. 4.12%, P=0.019) compared with DM patients not requiring insulin. CONCLUSION: DM was very common among ACS patients in the Arab Gulf area, and ACS patients with NOH were at a higher risk compared with euglycaemic patients and diabetic patients not requiring insulin. Further studies are needed to examine the clinical impact of in-hospital intensive glycaemic control in these patients and to explore the long-term glycaemic status of ACS patients with NOH. SN - 1473-5830 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24525788/Short_term_and_long_term_adverse_cardiovascular_events_across_the_glycaemic_spectrum_in_patients_with_acute_coronary_syndrome:_the_Gulf_Registry_of_Acute_Coronary_Events_2_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=24525788 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -