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[Acupuncture, animal magnetism, and French medical orthodoxy (1780-1830)].
Gesnerus. 2013; 70(2):211-43.G

Abstract

This article analyses why the French phenomenon of acupuncture was confined to the 1810s-1820s. It argues that the French medical orthodoxy played a decisive role. First, we recount the history of the French reception of Japanese acupuncture from the late 17th century to the 1820s. Second, we go back to the animal magnetism trial to find some explanatory tools for the decline of French acupuncture. Third, we show that the oppositions to both therapies were not mere juxtapositions, but due to the growing strength of medical orthodoxy. Finally, we suggest a model of analysis of the French medical orthodoxy of the early 19th century through a set of multidimensional oppositions: anthropological (imagination/reason), epistemological (to heal/to explain), therapeutic (drug/fluid), nosological (organic disease/functional disease), and lastly, economic, moral and political oppositions (doctor/charlatan).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire S2HEP (Science et Société; Historicité, Education et Pratiques), Université Lyon 1, ENS LSH. ronald.guilloux@gmail.com

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

24527556

Citation

Guilloux, Ronald. "[Acupuncture, Animal Magnetism, and French Medical Orthodoxy (1780-1830)]." Gesnerus, vol. 70, no. 2, 2013, pp. 211-43.
Guilloux R. [Acupuncture, animal magnetism, and French medical orthodoxy (1780-1830)]. Gesnerus. 2013;70(2):211-43.
Guilloux, R. (2013). [Acupuncture, animal magnetism, and French medical orthodoxy (1780-1830)]. Gesnerus, 70(2), 211-43.
Guilloux R. [Acupuncture, Animal Magnetism, and French Medical Orthodoxy (1780-1830)]. Gesnerus. 2013;70(2):211-43. PubMed PMID: 24527556.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Acupuncture, animal magnetism, and French medical orthodoxy (1780-1830)]. A1 - Guilloux,Ronald, PY - 2014/2/18/entrez PY - 2014/2/18/pubmed PY - 2014/3/8/medline SP - 211 EP - 43 JF - Gesnerus JO - Gesnerus VL - 70 IS - 2 N2 - This article analyses why the French phenomenon of acupuncture was confined to the 1810s-1820s. It argues that the French medical orthodoxy played a decisive role. First, we recount the history of the French reception of Japanese acupuncture from the late 17th century to the 1820s. Second, we go back to the animal magnetism trial to find some explanatory tools for the decline of French acupuncture. Third, we show that the oppositions to both therapies were not mere juxtapositions, but due to the growing strength of medical orthodoxy. Finally, we suggest a model of analysis of the French medical orthodoxy of the early 19th century through a set of multidimensional oppositions: anthropological (imagination/reason), epistemological (to heal/to explain), therapeutic (drug/fluid), nosological (organic disease/functional disease), and lastly, economic, moral and political oppositions (doctor/charlatan). SN - 0016-9161 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24527556/[Acupuncture_animal_magnetism_and_French_medical_orthodoxy__1780_1830_]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/acupuncture.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -