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Perfluorinated alkyl substances in water, sediment, plankton and fish from Korean rivers and lakes: a nationwide survey.
Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 01; 491-492:154-62.ST

Abstract

Water, sediment, plankton, and blood and liver tissues of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) and mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri) were collected from six major rivers and lakes in South Korea (including Namhan River, Bukhan River, Nakdong River, Nam River, Yeongsan River and Sangsa Lake) and analyzed for perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs). Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was consistently detected at the greatest concentrations in all media surveyed with the maximum concentration in water of 15 ng L(-1) and in biota of 234 ng mL(-1) (fish blood). A general ascending order of PFAS concentration of water<sediment<plankton<crucian carp tissues<mandarin fish tissues was found. Except for the Nakdong River and Yeongsan River, the sum PFAS concentrations in water samples were below 10 ng L(-1). The PFOS and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concentrations in water did not exceed levels for acute and/or chronic effects in aquatic organisms. High concentrations of long chain perfluorocarboxylates (LCPFCAs) were found in sediment samples. PFOS, perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) accounted for 94-99% of the total PFASs concentration in fish tissues. The mean ratios of PFAS concentration between fish blood and fish liver were above 2 suggesting higher levels in blood than in liver. Significant positive correlations (r>0.80, p<0.001) were observed between PFOS concentration in blood and liver tissues of both crucian carp and mandarin fish. This result suggests that blood can be used for nonlethal monitoring of PFOS in fish. Overall, the rank order of mean bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of PFOS in biota was; phytoplankton (196 L/kg)<zooplankton (3,233 L/kg)<crucian carp liver (4,567 L/kg)<crucian carp blood (11,167 L/kg)<mandarin liver (24,718 L/kg)<mandarin blood (73,612 L/kg).

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Chonnam National University, Yeosu 550-749, Republic of Korea.Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 305-600, Republic of Korea.College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Chonnam National University, Yeosu 550-749, Republic of Korea.College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Chonnam National University, Yeosu 550-749, Republic of Korea.National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon 404-408, Republic of Korea.National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon 404-408, Republic of Korea.National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan.Research Institute for Environmental Sciences and Public Health of Iwate Prefecture, Iwate 020-0852, Japan.Research Institute for Environmental Sciences and Public Health of Iwate Prefecture, Iwate 020-0852, Japan.Research Institute for Environmental Sciences and Public Health of Iwate Prefecture, Iwate 020-0852, Japan.Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, and School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Empire State Plaza, PO Box 509, Albany, NY 12201-0509, USA.College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Chonnam National University, Yeosu 550-749, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hscho@jnu.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24529450

Citation

Lam, Nguyen-Hoang, et al. "Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances in Water, Sediment, Plankton and Fish From Korean Rivers and Lakes: a Nationwide Survey." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 491-492, 2014, pp. 154-62.
Lam NH, Cho CR, Lee JS, et al. Perfluorinated alkyl substances in water, sediment, plankton and fish from Korean rivers and lakes: a nationwide survey. Sci Total Environ. 2014;491-492:154-62.
Lam, N. H., Cho, C. R., Lee, J. S., Soh, H. Y., Lee, B. C., Lee, J. A., Tatarozako, N., Sasaki, K., Saito, N., Iwabuchi, K., Kannan, K., & Cho, H. S. (2014). Perfluorinated alkyl substances in water, sediment, plankton and fish from Korean rivers and lakes: a nationwide survey. The Science of the Total Environment, 491-492, 154-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.045
Lam NH, et al. Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances in Water, Sediment, Plankton and Fish From Korean Rivers and Lakes: a Nationwide Survey. Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 1;491-492:154-62. PubMed PMID: 24529450.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perfluorinated alkyl substances in water, sediment, plankton and fish from Korean rivers and lakes: a nationwide survey. AU - Lam,Nguyen-Hoang, AU - Cho,Chon-Rae, AU - Lee,Jung-Sick, AU - Soh,Ho-Young, AU - Lee,Byoung-Cheun, AU - Lee,Jae-An, AU - Tatarozako,Norihisa, AU - Sasaki,Kazuaki, AU - Saito,Norimitsu, AU - Iwabuchi,Katsumi, AU - Kannan,Kurunthachalam, AU - Cho,Hyeon-Seo, Y1 - 2014/02/12/ PY - 2013/10/30/received PY - 2014/01/10/revised PY - 2014/01/10/accepted PY - 2014/2/18/entrez PY - 2014/2/18/pubmed PY - 2014/12/20/medline KW - Bioconcentration factor KW - Fish tissues KW - Freshwater KW - Korea KW - Perfluorinated compounds KW - Perfluorooctanesulfonate SP - 154 EP - 62 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci Total Environ VL - 491-492 N2 - Water, sediment, plankton, and blood and liver tissues of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) and mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri) were collected from six major rivers and lakes in South Korea (including Namhan River, Bukhan River, Nakdong River, Nam River, Yeongsan River and Sangsa Lake) and analyzed for perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs). Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was consistently detected at the greatest concentrations in all media surveyed with the maximum concentration in water of 15 ng L(-1) and in biota of 234 ng mL(-1) (fish blood). A general ascending order of PFAS concentration of water<sediment<plankton<crucian carp tissues<mandarin fish tissues was found. Except for the Nakdong River and Yeongsan River, the sum PFAS concentrations in water samples were below 10 ng L(-1). The PFOS and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concentrations in water did not exceed levels for acute and/or chronic effects in aquatic organisms. High concentrations of long chain perfluorocarboxylates (LCPFCAs) were found in sediment samples. PFOS, perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) accounted for 94-99% of the total PFASs concentration in fish tissues. The mean ratios of PFAS concentration between fish blood and fish liver were above 2 suggesting higher levels in blood than in liver. Significant positive correlations (r>0.80, p<0.001) were observed between PFOS concentration in blood and liver tissues of both crucian carp and mandarin fish. This result suggests that blood can be used for nonlethal monitoring of PFOS in fish. Overall, the rank order of mean bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of PFOS in biota was; phytoplankton (196 L/kg)<zooplankton (3,233 L/kg)<crucian carp liver (4,567 L/kg)<crucian carp blood (11,167 L/kg)<mandarin liver (24,718 L/kg)<mandarin blood (73,612 L/kg). SN - 1879-1026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24529450/Perfluorinated_alkyl_substances_in_water_sediment_plankton_and_fish_from_Korean_rivers_and_lakes:_a_nationwide_survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(14)00054-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -