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Influence of training frequency on serum concentrations of some essential trace elements and electrolytes in male swimmers.

Abstract

Elemental fluctuations during physical performances have been a point of interest. This study was designed to investigate the effect of swimming frequency on serum concentrations of some trace elements (chromium, iron, copper, zinc, selenium) and electrolytes (sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium). Three groups of different-level male swimmers were included in the study, as elite swimmers (n = 14), amateur swimmers (n = 11), and sedentary individuals (n = 10). Elite and amateur swimmer groups followed a 3-week training program. At the end of the period, all volunteers were subjected to a controlled swimming test, and blood samples were collected at the beginning of (pre-test), immediately after (post-test), and 1 h after this activity. Element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using a dilute and shoot procedure. Apart from the swimming test applied, pre-test calcium and potassium levels were higher in elite swimmers compared to amateurs and controls. The difference in pre-test levels of these elements can be associated with adaptive mechanisms emerged by the frequent training. Regarding the test applied, changes in magnesium, calcium, copper, zinc, and selenium levels exhibited a common pattern in all study groups, with higher post-test serum concentrations. Another point of note was a drop of copper, zinc, and selenium levels at 1 h after the test in elite swimmers. The decrease in serum zinc was also observed in the other groups. Results highlight the value of regular control of elemental status to provide insight into transient effects and deficiencies.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Çankırı Karatekin University, 18100, Çankırı, Turkey, serhatdoker@gmail.com.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Biological trace element research 158:1 2014 Apr pg 15-21

    MeSH

    Adult
    Calcium
    Chromium
    Copper
    Electrolytes
    Humans
    Iron
    Magnesium
    Male
    Mass Spectrometry
    Potassium
    Selenium
    Sodium
    Swimming
    Time Factors
    Trace Elements
    Young Adult
    Zinc

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24531911

    Citation

    Döker, Serhat, et al. "Influence of Training Frequency On Serum Concentrations of some Essential Trace Elements and Electrolytes in Male Swimmers." Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 158, no. 1, 2014, pp. 15-21.
    Döker S, Hazar M, Uslu M, et al. Influence of training frequency on serum concentrations of some essential trace elements and electrolytes in male swimmers. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014;158(1):15-21.
    Döker, S., Hazar, M., Uslu, M., Okan, İ., Kafkas, E., & Boşgelmez, İ. İ. (2014). Influence of training frequency on serum concentrations of some essential trace elements and electrolytes in male swimmers. Biological Trace Element Research, 158(1), pp. 15-21. doi:10.1007/s12011-014-9912-z.
    Döker S, et al. Influence of Training Frequency On Serum Concentrations of some Essential Trace Elements and Electrolytes in Male Swimmers. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014;158(1):15-21. PubMed PMID: 24531911.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of training frequency on serum concentrations of some essential trace elements and electrolytes in male swimmers. AU - Döker,Serhat, AU - Hazar,Muhsin, AU - Uslu,Musa, AU - Okan,İlyas, AU - Kafkas,Emin, AU - Boşgelmez,İ İpek, Y1 - 2014/02/16/ PY - 2013/09/30/received PY - 2014/02/03/accepted PY - 2014/2/18/entrez PY - 2014/2/18/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline SP - 15 EP - 21 JF - Biological trace element research JO - Biol Trace Elem Res VL - 158 IS - 1 N2 - Elemental fluctuations during physical performances have been a point of interest. This study was designed to investigate the effect of swimming frequency on serum concentrations of some trace elements (chromium, iron, copper, zinc, selenium) and electrolytes (sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium). Three groups of different-level male swimmers were included in the study, as elite swimmers (n = 14), amateur swimmers (n = 11), and sedentary individuals (n = 10). Elite and amateur swimmer groups followed a 3-week training program. At the end of the period, all volunteers were subjected to a controlled swimming test, and blood samples were collected at the beginning of (pre-test), immediately after (post-test), and 1 h after this activity. Element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using a dilute and shoot procedure. Apart from the swimming test applied, pre-test calcium and potassium levels were higher in elite swimmers compared to amateurs and controls. The difference in pre-test levels of these elements can be associated with adaptive mechanisms emerged by the frequent training. Regarding the test applied, changes in magnesium, calcium, copper, zinc, and selenium levels exhibited a common pattern in all study groups, with higher post-test serum concentrations. Another point of note was a drop of copper, zinc, and selenium levels at 1 h after the test in elite swimmers. The decrease in serum zinc was also observed in the other groups. Results highlight the value of regular control of elemental status to provide insight into transient effects and deficiencies. SN - 1559-0720 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24531911/Influence_of_training_frequency_on_serum_concentrations_of_some_essential_trace_elements_and_electrolytes_in_male_swimmers_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-014-9912-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -