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The micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas one year after the Wenchuan Earthquake.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e88444.Plos

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

In order to evaluate micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas after one year of the earthquake in Wenchuan.

DESIGN

After one year of Wenchuan Earthquake, using PPS sampling methods, a total of 270 children from six-randomized townships near seismic center, in each township sample size consisted of 30 to 50 children, were sampled for evaluating Z-score of children's growth status, anemia prevalence, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid status. Final sample consisted of 152 boys and 118 girls, and blood samples were drawn from 206 children.

RESULTS

The stunting (HAZ<2SD) and wasting (WHZ<2SD) were respectively 14.7% and 0.7%. Prevalence of anemia was 17.3% and percentage of iron deficiency was 45.7%. The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and marginal deficiency was 15.4% and 30.3%, respectively. The sum of vitamin D deficiency and marginal deficiency was near 90%. Percentages of Zinc deficiency including marginal and deficiency were 65.5%. Percentages of vitamin B12 marginal and deficiency were 8.6% and 10.6% and the prevalence of marginal deficiency was significantly higher in boys than in girls. Folic acid deficiency was not found in surveyed children using serum folic acid level <16.9 ng/ml.

CONCLUSION

In areas affected by Earthquake, preschool children had higher stunting prevalence and a relatively higher prevalence suffered from micronutrient deficiencies, including iron-deficiency anemia, and deficiencies of iron, zinc, vitamin A and vitamin B12.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chronic disease, Gansu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, China.Department of Chronic disease, Gansu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, China.Department of Chronic disease, Gansu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, China.Department of Maternal and Child Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.Department of Maternal and Child Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.Department of Chronic disease, Gansu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, China.Department of Maternal and Child Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24533089

Citation

Dong, Caixia, et al. "The Micronutrient Status of Children Aged 24-60 Months Living in Rural Disaster Areas One Year After the Wenchuan Earthquake." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 2, 2014, pp. e88444.
Dong C, Ge P, Ren X, et al. The micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas one year after the Wenchuan Earthquake. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(2):e88444.
Dong, C., Ge, P., Ren, X., Zhao, X., Wang, J., Fan, H., & Yin, S. A. (2014). The micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas one year after the Wenchuan Earthquake. PloS One, 9(2), e88444. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088444
Dong C, et al. The Micronutrient Status of Children Aged 24-60 Months Living in Rural Disaster Areas One Year After the Wenchuan Earthquake. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(2):e88444. PubMed PMID: 24533089.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas one year after the Wenchuan Earthquake. AU - Dong,Caixia, AU - Ge,Pengfei, AU - Ren,Xiaolan, AU - Zhao,Xianfeng, AU - Wang,Jie, AU - Fan,Haoqiang, AU - Yin,Shi-an, Y1 - 2014/02/12/ PY - 2013/07/12/received PY - 2014/01/07/accepted PY - 2014/2/18/entrez PY - 2014/2/18/pubmed PY - 2015/1/7/medline SP - e88444 EP - e88444 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate micronutrient status of children aged 24-60 months living in rural disaster areas after one year of the earthquake in Wenchuan. DESIGN: After one year of Wenchuan Earthquake, using PPS sampling methods, a total of 270 children from six-randomized townships near seismic center, in each township sample size consisted of 30 to 50 children, were sampled for evaluating Z-score of children's growth status, anemia prevalence, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid status. Final sample consisted of 152 boys and 118 girls, and blood samples were drawn from 206 children. RESULTS: The stunting (HAZ<2SD) and wasting (WHZ<2SD) were respectively 14.7% and 0.7%. Prevalence of anemia was 17.3% and percentage of iron deficiency was 45.7%. The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and marginal deficiency was 15.4% and 30.3%, respectively. The sum of vitamin D deficiency and marginal deficiency was near 90%. Percentages of Zinc deficiency including marginal and deficiency were 65.5%. Percentages of vitamin B12 marginal and deficiency were 8.6% and 10.6% and the prevalence of marginal deficiency was significantly higher in boys than in girls. Folic acid deficiency was not found in surveyed children using serum folic acid level <16.9 ng/ml. CONCLUSION: In areas affected by Earthquake, preschool children had higher stunting prevalence and a relatively higher prevalence suffered from micronutrient deficiencies, including iron-deficiency anemia, and deficiencies of iron, zinc, vitamin A and vitamin B12. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24533089/The_micronutrient_status_of_children_aged_24_60_months_living_in_rural_disaster_areas_one_year_after_the_Wenchuan_Earthquake_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088444 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -