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Parents' perceptions of preschool children's ability to regulate eating. Feeding style differences.
Appetite. 2014 May; 76:166-74.A

Abstract

Parent feeding styles have been associated with children's eating behaviors and weight status across multiple studies. However, little is known about the mechanism through which parent feeding styles influence child weight status. Children's ability to self-regulate their eating may be the mechanism that links these two constructs. This study examined the relationship between parent feeding styles, child self-regulatory ability, and weight status to determine whether self-regulatory ability mediated the relationship between parent feeding styles and child weight status in a group of 296 parents and their preschool aged children. Indulgent feeding style was related to children having lessened satiety responsiveness and higher enjoyment of food (two components of self-regulation around eating) compared to other parent feeding styles. Children of parents with an indulgent feeding style were also higher in weight status compared to other feeding styles. Mediation analyses revealed that satiety responsiveness and enjoyment of food mediated the relationship between parent feeding style and child BMI z-score such that children of parents with indulgent feeding styles had lessened ability to self-regulate around eating and higher BMI z-scores. Findings from this study suggest that children's ability to self-regulate eating might be an important mechanism by which parent feeding style and child weight are related to each other.

Authors+Show Affiliations

USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St., Houston, TX 77030, United States; Department of Educational Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004, United States.USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St., Houston, TX 77030, United States.USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St., Houston, TX 77030, United States.USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St., Houston, TX 77030, United States.Department of Human Development, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, United States.USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St., Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: Shughes@bcm.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24533968

Citation

Frankel, Leslie A., et al. "Parents' Perceptions of Preschool Children's Ability to Regulate Eating. Feeding Style Differences." Appetite, vol. 76, 2014, pp. 166-74.
Frankel LA, O'Connor TM, Chen TA, et al. Parents' perceptions of preschool children's ability to regulate eating. Feeding style differences. Appetite. 2014;76:166-74.
Frankel, L. A., O'Connor, T. M., Chen, T. A., Nicklas, T., Power, T. G., & Hughes, S. O. (2014). Parents' perceptions of preschool children's ability to regulate eating. Feeding style differences. Appetite, 76, 166-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.01.077
Frankel LA, et al. Parents' Perceptions of Preschool Children's Ability to Regulate Eating. Feeding Style Differences. Appetite. 2014;76:166-74. PubMed PMID: 24533968.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parents' perceptions of preschool children's ability to regulate eating. Feeding style differences. AU - Frankel,Leslie A, AU - O'Connor,Teresia M, AU - Chen,Tzu-An, AU - Nicklas,Theresa, AU - Power,Thomas G, AU - Hughes,Sheryl O, Y1 - 2014/02/14/ PY - 2012/12/21/received PY - 2014/01/23/revised PY - 2014/01/27/accepted PY - 2014/2/19/entrez PY - 2014/2/19/pubmed PY - 2014/12/15/medline KW - Feeding styles KW - Parental feeding KW - Preschoolers KW - Self-regulation KW - Weight status SP - 166 EP - 74 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 76 N2 - Parent feeding styles have been associated with children's eating behaviors and weight status across multiple studies. However, little is known about the mechanism through which parent feeding styles influence child weight status. Children's ability to self-regulate their eating may be the mechanism that links these two constructs. This study examined the relationship between parent feeding styles, child self-regulatory ability, and weight status to determine whether self-regulatory ability mediated the relationship between parent feeding styles and child weight status in a group of 296 parents and their preschool aged children. Indulgent feeding style was related to children having lessened satiety responsiveness and higher enjoyment of food (two components of self-regulation around eating) compared to other parent feeding styles. Children of parents with an indulgent feeding style were also higher in weight status compared to other feeding styles. Mediation analyses revealed that satiety responsiveness and enjoyment of food mediated the relationship between parent feeding style and child BMI z-score such that children of parents with indulgent feeding styles had lessened ability to self-regulate around eating and higher BMI z-scores. Findings from this study suggest that children's ability to self-regulate eating might be an important mechanism by which parent feeding style and child weight are related to each other. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24533968/Parents'_perceptions_of_preschool_children's_ability_to_regulate_eating__Feeding_style_differences_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(14)00087-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -