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Lay mental health in the aftermath of disaster: preliminary evaluation of an intervention for Haiti earthquake survivors.
Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2013; 15(3):165-78.IJ

Abstract

In the year following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, local earthquake survivors trained as lay mental health workers implemented a culturally-adapted, psychosocial and trauma-focused group intervention for residents of camps for internally displaced peoples (IDPs). Analysis of evaluation data collected at three Port-au-Prince IDP camps revealed decreased self-reported posttraumatic distress (measured using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire) associated with participation in this intervention. Improvement occurred across all three PTSD symptom clusters (re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal). Female participants reported higher baseline distress, were more likely to participate in the intervention, and benefitted more than did men. Results provide initial support for the effectiveness of train-the-trainer interventions utilizing local lay disaster survivors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA. leahemilyjames@gmail.comSoulaje Lespri Moun, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24558745

Citation

James, Leah Emily, and John Roger Noel. "Lay Mental Health in the Aftermath of Disaster: Preliminary Evaluation of an Intervention for Haiti Earthquake Survivors." International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, vol. 15, no. 3, 2013, pp. 165-78.
James LE, Noel JR. Lay mental health in the aftermath of disaster: preliminary evaluation of an intervention for Haiti earthquake survivors. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2013;15(3):165-78.
James, L. E., & Noel, J. R. (2013). Lay mental health in the aftermath of disaster: preliminary evaluation of an intervention for Haiti earthquake survivors. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 15(3), 165-78.
James LE, Noel JR. Lay Mental Health in the Aftermath of Disaster: Preliminary Evaluation of an Intervention for Haiti Earthquake Survivors. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2013;15(3):165-78. PubMed PMID: 24558745.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lay mental health in the aftermath of disaster: preliminary evaluation of an intervention for Haiti earthquake survivors. AU - James,Leah Emily, AU - Noel,John Roger, PY - 2014/2/25/entrez PY - 2014/2/25/pubmed PY - 2014/3/8/medline SP - 165 EP - 78 JF - International journal of emergency mental health JO - Int J Emerg Ment Health VL - 15 IS - 3 N2 - In the year following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, local earthquake survivors trained as lay mental health workers implemented a culturally-adapted, psychosocial and trauma-focused group intervention for residents of camps for internally displaced peoples (IDPs). Analysis of evaluation data collected at three Port-au-Prince IDP camps revealed decreased self-reported posttraumatic distress (measured using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire) associated with participation in this intervention. Improvement occurred across all three PTSD symptom clusters (re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal). Female participants reported higher baseline distress, were more likely to participate in the intervention, and benefitted more than did men. Results provide initial support for the effectiveness of train-the-trainer interventions utilizing local lay disaster survivors. SN - 1522-4821 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24558745/Lay_mental_health_in_the_aftermath_of_disaster:_preliminary_evaluation_of_an_intervention_for_Haiti_earthquake_survivors_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/posttraumaticstressdisorder.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -