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Characteristics, composition and oxidative stability of Lannea microcarpa seed and seed oil.
Molecules. 2014 Feb 24; 19(2):2684-93.M

Abstract

The proximate composition of seeds and main physicochemical properties and thermal stability of oil extracted from Lannea microcarpa seeds were evaluated. The percentage composition of the seeds was: ash (3.11%), crude oil (64.90%), protein (21.14%), total carbohydrate (10.85%) and moisture (3.24%). Physicochemical properties of the oil were: refractive index, 1.473; melting point, 22.60°C; saponification value, 194.23 mg of KOH/g of oil; iodine value, 61.33 g of I2/100 g of oil; acid value, 1.21 mg of KOH/g of oil; peroxide value, 1.48 meq of O2/kg of oil and oxidative stability index, 43.20 h. Oleic (43.45%), palmitic (34.45%), linoleic (11.20%) and stearic (8.35%) acids were the most dominant fatty acids. Triacylglycerols with equivalent carbon number (ECN) 48 and ECN 46 were dominant (46.96% and 37.31%, respectively). The major triacylglycerol constituents were palmitoyl diolein (POO) (21.23%), followed by dipalmitoyl olein (POP) (16.47%), palmitoyl linoleyl olein (PLO) (12.03%), dipalmitoyl linolein (PLP) (10.85%) and dioleoyl linolein (LOO) (9.30%). The total polyphenol and tocopherol contents were 1.39 mg GAE g-1 DW and 578.56 ppm, respectively. γ-Tocopherol was the major tocopherol (437.23 ppm). These analytical results indicated that the L. microcarpa seed oil could be used as a frying oil and in the cosmetic industry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de Biochimie Alimentaire, Enzymologie, Biotechnologie Industrielle et Bioinformatique (Laboratoire BAEBIB), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou 03 03 BP 7021, Burkina Faso. pathcobaz@yahoo.fr.Laboratoire de Biochimie Alimentaire, Enzymologie, Biotechnologie Industrielle et Bioinformatique (Laboratoire BAEBIB), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou 03 03 BP 7021, Burkina Faso. hbassole@hotmail.com.International Food Science Centre (IFSC A/S), Sønderskovvej, Lystrup 7 DK-8520, Denmark. sn@ifsc.dk.Laboratoire de Biochimie et Chimie Appliquées (LABIOCA), UFR/SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou 09 09 BP 848, Burkina Faso. hiloudio@gmail.com.Laboratoire de Biochimie Alimentaire, Enzymologie, Biotechnologie Industrielle et Bioinformatique (Laboratoire BAEBIB), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou 03 03 BP 7021, Burkina Faso. mdicko@univ-ouaga.bf.International Food Science Centre (IFSC A/S), Sønderskovvej, Lystrup 7 DK-8520, Denmark. gamma1948@hotmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24566330

Citation

Bazongo, Patrice, et al. "Characteristics, Composition and Oxidative Stability of Lannea Microcarpa Seed and Seed Oil." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 19, no. 2, 2014, pp. 2684-93.
Bazongo P, Bassolé IH, Nielsen S, et al. Characteristics, composition and oxidative stability of Lannea microcarpa seed and seed oil. Molecules. 2014;19(2):2684-93.
Bazongo, P., Bassolé, I. H., Nielsen, S., Hilou, A., Dicko, M. H., & Shukla, V. K. (2014). Characteristics, composition and oxidative stability of Lannea microcarpa seed and seed oil. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(2), 2684-93. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19022684
Bazongo P, et al. Characteristics, Composition and Oxidative Stability of Lannea Microcarpa Seed and Seed Oil. Molecules. 2014 Feb 24;19(2):2684-93. PubMed PMID: 24566330.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics, composition and oxidative stability of Lannea microcarpa seed and seed oil. AU - Bazongo,Patrice, AU - Bassolé,Imaël Henri Nestor, AU - Nielsen,Søren, AU - Hilou,Adama, AU - Dicko,Mamoudou Hama, AU - Shukla,Vijai K S, Y1 - 2014/02/24/ PY - 2013/11/13/received PY - 2013/12/06/revised PY - 2013/12/09/accepted PY - 2014/2/26/entrez PY - 2014/2/26/pubmed PY - 2014/9/27/medline SP - 2684 EP - 93 JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - The proximate composition of seeds and main physicochemical properties and thermal stability of oil extracted from Lannea microcarpa seeds were evaluated. The percentage composition of the seeds was: ash (3.11%), crude oil (64.90%), protein (21.14%), total carbohydrate (10.85%) and moisture (3.24%). Physicochemical properties of the oil were: refractive index, 1.473; melting point, 22.60°C; saponification value, 194.23 mg of KOH/g of oil; iodine value, 61.33 g of I2/100 g of oil; acid value, 1.21 mg of KOH/g of oil; peroxide value, 1.48 meq of O2/kg of oil and oxidative stability index, 43.20 h. Oleic (43.45%), palmitic (34.45%), linoleic (11.20%) and stearic (8.35%) acids were the most dominant fatty acids. Triacylglycerols with equivalent carbon number (ECN) 48 and ECN 46 were dominant (46.96% and 37.31%, respectively). The major triacylglycerol constituents were palmitoyl diolein (POO) (21.23%), followed by dipalmitoyl olein (POP) (16.47%), palmitoyl linoleyl olein (PLO) (12.03%), dipalmitoyl linolein (PLP) (10.85%) and dioleoyl linolein (LOO) (9.30%). The total polyphenol and tocopherol contents were 1.39 mg GAE g-1 DW and 578.56 ppm, respectively. γ-Tocopherol was the major tocopherol (437.23 ppm). These analytical results indicated that the L. microcarpa seed oil could be used as a frying oil and in the cosmetic industry. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24566330/Characteristics_composition_and_oxidative_stability_of_Lannea_microcarpa_seed_and_seed_oil_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules19022684 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -