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Clinico-hematological and tissue changes induced by butachlor in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica).
Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2014 Feb; 109:58-63.PB

Abstract

The present experiment was executed to determine the pathological effects induced by concurrent feeding of butachlor (chloroacetanilide herbicide) in male Japanese quail. For this purpose mature male quail about 4-5weeks of age were procured from the local market and randomly divided into six equal groups (A-F). Butachlor was mixed in corn oil and administered orally for 30days using crop tube. Four birds from each group were killed at day 10, 20 and 30 of the experiment and blood was collected with and without anticoagulant. The birds in groups (A-D) did not reveal any clinical and behavioral alterations. Clinical signs like watery droppings, dullness, ruffled feather, depression, decrease frequency of crowing, mounting with pen mates and foam production were observed. Maximum intensity of these clinical signs and behavioral alterations were observed in group F throughout the experiment. Significant lower values of erythrocytes, hematocrit percent and hemoglobin were recorded. Significantly increased numbers of erythrocytes with micronuclei, lobed and notched nuclei were observed. Histopathologically, enlarged intertubular space, fewer numbers of round spermatids, necrotic spermatids and admixture of dead spermatids were observed in testes. The results revealed significant increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and urea concentrations. The results of present experimental study indicated that butachlor induces hematobiochemical and testicular changes in birds.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63000, Pakistan. Electronic address: driazhussain@yahoo.com.Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan. Electronic address: ahrar1122@uaf.edu.pk.Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan.University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63000, Pakistan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24581384

Citation

Hussain, Riaz, et al. "Clinico-hematological and Tissue Changes Induced By Butachlor in Male Japanese Quail (Coturnix Japonica)." Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 109, 2014, pp. 58-63.
Hussain R, Khan A, Mahmood F, et al. Clinico-hematological and tissue changes induced by butachlor in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2014;109:58-63.
Hussain, R., Khan, A., Mahmood, F., Rehan, S., & Ali, F. (2014). Clinico-hematological and tissue changes induced by butachlor in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 109, 58-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2014.01.005
Hussain R, et al. Clinico-hematological and Tissue Changes Induced By Butachlor in Male Japanese Quail (Coturnix Japonica). Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2014;109:58-63. PubMed PMID: 24581384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinico-hematological and tissue changes induced by butachlor in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). AU - Hussain,Riaz, AU - Khan,Ahrar, AU - Mahmood,Fazal, AU - Rehan,Sarmad, AU - Ali,Farah, Y1 - 2014/02/03/ PY - 2013/06/21/received PY - 2014/01/08/revised PY - 2014/01/08/accepted PY - 2014/3/4/entrez PY - 2014/3/4/pubmed PY - 2014/10/29/medline KW - Butachlor KW - Hematology KW - Micronucleus KW - Quail KW - Serum biochemistry KW - Testes SP - 58 EP - 63 JF - Pesticide biochemistry and physiology JO - Pestic Biochem Physiol VL - 109 N2 - The present experiment was executed to determine the pathological effects induced by concurrent feeding of butachlor (chloroacetanilide herbicide) in male Japanese quail. For this purpose mature male quail about 4-5weeks of age were procured from the local market and randomly divided into six equal groups (A-F). Butachlor was mixed in corn oil and administered orally for 30days using crop tube. Four birds from each group were killed at day 10, 20 and 30 of the experiment and blood was collected with and without anticoagulant. The birds in groups (A-D) did not reveal any clinical and behavioral alterations. Clinical signs like watery droppings, dullness, ruffled feather, depression, decrease frequency of crowing, mounting with pen mates and foam production were observed. Maximum intensity of these clinical signs and behavioral alterations were observed in group F throughout the experiment. Significant lower values of erythrocytes, hematocrit percent and hemoglobin were recorded. Significantly increased numbers of erythrocytes with micronuclei, lobed and notched nuclei were observed. Histopathologically, enlarged intertubular space, fewer numbers of round spermatids, necrotic spermatids and admixture of dead spermatids were observed in testes. The results revealed significant increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and urea concentrations. The results of present experimental study indicated that butachlor induces hematobiochemical and testicular changes in birds. SN - 1095-9939 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24581384/Clinico_hematological_and_tissue_changes_induced_by_butachlor_in_male_Japanese_quail__Coturnix_japonica__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-3575(14)00022-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -