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Systematic search and review procedures: results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Mar; 95(3 Suppl):S101-31.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To update the last best-evidence synthesis conducted by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation in 2002; and to describe the course, identify prognostic factors, determine long-term sequelae, identify effects of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and make recommendations for future research.

DATA SOURCES

MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, and SPORTDiscus were searched between 2001 and 2012. Inclusion criteria included published peer-reviewed articles in English and 5 other languages. References were also identified from relevant reviews and meta-analyses and the bibliographies of eligible articles.

STUDY SELECTION

Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Studies had to have at least 30 MTBI cases and assess outcomes relevant to prognosis after MTBI.

DATA EXTRACTION

Eligible studies were critically appraised using modified Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) criteria. Two reviewers independently reviewed each study and extracted data from accepted articles (ie, with a low risk of bias) into evidence tables.

DATA SYNTHESIS

The evidence was synthesized qualitatively according to modified SIGN criteria and prioritized according to design as exploratory or confirmatory. The evidence was organized into separate articles according to population (eg, adults, children, and athletes) and outcomes (eg, risk of dementia after MTBI).

CONCLUSIONS

After 77,914 records were screened, 299 articles were eligible and reviewed. Of these, 101 (34%) were accepted as scientifically admissible and form the basis of our findings, which are organized into 10 articles in this supplement. These reviews present the best available evidence on MTBI prognosis, but more research is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: ccancell@uhnresearch.ca.Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada; University of Ontario Institute of Technology-Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24581901

Citation

Cancelliere, Carol, et al. "Systematic Search and Review Procedures: Results of the International Collaboration On Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis." Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 95, no. 3 Suppl, 2014, pp. S101-31.
Cancelliere C, Cassidy JD, Li A, et al. Systematic search and review procedures: results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95(3 Suppl):S101-31.
Cancelliere, C., Cassidy, J. D., Li, A., Donovan, J., Côté, P., & Hincapié, C. A. (2014). Systematic search and review procedures: results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(3 Suppl), S101-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.12.001
Cancelliere C, et al. Systematic Search and Review Procedures: Results of the International Collaboration On Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95(3 Suppl):S101-31. PubMed PMID: 24581901.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Systematic search and review procedures: results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis. AU - Cancelliere,Carol, AU - Cassidy,J David, AU - Li,Alvin, AU - Donovan,James, AU - Côté,Pierre, AU - Hincapié,Cesar A, PY - 2013/02/02/received PY - 2013/11/12/revised PY - 2013/12/02/accepted PY - 2014/3/4/entrez PY - 2014/3/4/pubmed PY - 2014/4/30/medline KW - Craniocerebral trauma KW - Disabled persons KW - Morbidity KW - Prognosis KW - Recovery of function KW - Rehabilitation SP - S101 EP - 31 JF - Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation JO - Arch Phys Med Rehabil VL - 95 IS - 3 Suppl N2 - OBJECTIVES: To update the last best-evidence synthesis conducted by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation in 2002; and to describe the course, identify prognostic factors, determine long-term sequelae, identify effects of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and make recommendations for future research. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, and SPORTDiscus were searched between 2001 and 2012. Inclusion criteria included published peer-reviewed articles in English and 5 other languages. References were also identified from relevant reviews and meta-analyses and the bibliographies of eligible articles. STUDY SELECTION: Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Studies had to have at least 30 MTBI cases and assess outcomes relevant to prognosis after MTBI. DATA EXTRACTION: Eligible studies were critically appraised using modified Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) criteria. Two reviewers independently reviewed each study and extracted data from accepted articles (ie, with a low risk of bias) into evidence tables. DATA SYNTHESIS: The evidence was synthesized qualitatively according to modified SIGN criteria and prioritized according to design as exploratory or confirmatory. The evidence was organized into separate articles according to population (eg, adults, children, and athletes) and outcomes (eg, risk of dementia after MTBI). CONCLUSIONS: After 77,914 records were screened, 299 articles were eligible and reviewed. Of these, 101 (34%) were accepted as scientifically admissible and form the basis of our findings, which are organized into 10 articles in this supplement. These reviews present the best available evidence on MTBI prognosis, but more research is needed. SN - 1532-821X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24581901/Systematic_search_and_review_procedures:_results_of_the_International_Collaboration_on_Mild_Traumatic_Brain_Injury_Prognosis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-9993(13)01221-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -