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Dietary habits and behaviors associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most frequent causes of health problems in Western (industrialized) countries. Moreover, the incidence of infantile NAFLD is increasing, with some of these patients progressing to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. These trends depend on dietary habits and life-style. In particular, overeating and its associated obesity affect the development of NAFLD. Nutritional problems in patients with NAFLD include excess intake of energy, carbohydrates, and lipids, and shortages of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Although nutritional therapeutic approaches are required for prophylaxis and treatment of NAFLD, continuous nutrition therapy is difficult for many patients because of their dietary habits and lifestyle, and because the motivation for treatment differs among patients. Thus, it is necessary to assess the nutritional background and to identify nutritional problems in each patient with NAFLD. When assessing dietary habits, it is important to individually evaluate those that are consumed excessively or insufficiently, as well as inappropriate eating behaviors. Successful nutrition therapy requires patient education, based on assessments of individual nutrients, and continuing the treatment. In this article, we update knowledge about NAFLD, review the important aspects of nutritional assessment targeting treatment success, and present some concrete nutritional care plans which can be applied generally.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    ,

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    ,

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    ,

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    ,

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    Kenichiro Yasutake, Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Welfare Sciences, Nishikyushu University, Kanzaki 842-8585, Japan.

    Source

    World journal of gastroenterology 20:7 2014 Feb 21 pg 1756-67

    MeSH

    Carbohydrates
    Cholesterol
    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Fatty Acids
    Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
    Fatty Liver
    Feeding Behavior
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Life Style
    Lipids
    Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    Nutrition Assessment
    Nutrition Therapy
    Nutritional Sciences
    Obesity
    Probiotics
    Vitamin D Deficiency
    Vitamin E Deficiency
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24587653

    Citation

    Yasutake, Kenichiro, et al. "Dietary Habits and Behaviors Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 20, no. 7, 2014, pp. 1756-67.
    Yasutake K, Kohjima M, Kotoh K, et al. Dietary habits and behaviors associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2014;20(7):1756-67.
    Yasutake, K., Kohjima, M., Kotoh, K., Nakashima, M., Nakamuta, M., & Enjoji, M. (2014). Dietary habits and behaviors associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 20(7), pp. 1756-67. doi:10.3748/wjg.v20.i7.1756.
    Yasutake K, et al. Dietary Habits and Behaviors Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Feb 21;20(7):1756-67. PubMed PMID: 24587653.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary habits and behaviors associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AU - Yasutake,Kenichiro, AU - Kohjima,Motoyuki, AU - Kotoh,Kazuhiro, AU - Nakashima,Manabu, AU - Nakamuta,Makoto, AU - Enjoji,Munechika, PY - 2013/09/11/received PY - 2013/11/11/revised PY - 2013/12/03/accepted PY - 2014/3/4/entrez PY - 2014/3/4/pubmed PY - 2015/4/9/medline KW - Carbohydrates KW - Cholesterol KW - Fatty acids KW - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease KW - Nutritional therapy SP - 1756 EP - 67 JF - World journal of gastroenterology JO - World J. Gastroenterol. VL - 20 IS - 7 N2 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most frequent causes of health problems in Western (industrialized) countries. Moreover, the incidence of infantile NAFLD is increasing, with some of these patients progressing to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. These trends depend on dietary habits and life-style. In particular, overeating and its associated obesity affect the development of NAFLD. Nutritional problems in patients with NAFLD include excess intake of energy, carbohydrates, and lipids, and shortages of polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Although nutritional therapeutic approaches are required for prophylaxis and treatment of NAFLD, continuous nutrition therapy is difficult for many patients because of their dietary habits and lifestyle, and because the motivation for treatment differs among patients. Thus, it is necessary to assess the nutritional background and to identify nutritional problems in each patient with NAFLD. When assessing dietary habits, it is important to individually evaluate those that are consumed excessively or insufficiently, as well as inappropriate eating behaviors. Successful nutrition therapy requires patient education, based on assessments of individual nutrients, and continuing the treatment. In this article, we update knowledge about NAFLD, review the important aspects of nutritional assessment targeting treatment success, and present some concrete nutritional care plans which can be applied generally. SN - 2219-2840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24587653/Dietary_habits_and_behaviors_associated_with_nonalcoholic_fatty_liver_disease_ L2 - http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v20/i7/1756.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -