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Effect of kangaroo mother care on growth and development of low birthweight babies up to 12 months of age: a controlled clinical trial.
Acta Paediatr. 2014 Jun; 103(6):643-50.AP

Abstract

AIM

Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a nonconventional low-cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birthweight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months.

METHODS

We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups of five, in a parallel group controlled clinical trial. The three infants with the lowest birthweight in each group received KMC, while the other two received conventional care. All babies were exclusively breastfed for 6 months. Babies in the intervention group were provided KMC until the infant was 40 weeks of corrected gestation or weighed 2500 g. Weight, length and head, chest and arm circumferences were evaluated at birth and at the corrected ages of 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Development was assessed using the Developmental Assessment Scales for Indian Infants (DASII) at 12 months.

RESULTS

The KMC babies rapidly achieved physical growth parameters similar to the control babies at 40 weeks of corrected age. But after that, they surpassed them, despite being smaller at birth. DASII motor and mental development quotients were also significantly better for KMC babies.

CONCLUSION

The infants in the KMC group showed better physical growth and development than the conventional control group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neonatology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24588543

Citation

Bera, Alpanamayi, et al. "Effect of Kangaroo Mother Care On Growth and Development of Low Birthweight Babies Up to 12 Months of Age: a Controlled Clinical Trial." Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), vol. 103, no. 6, 2014, pp. 643-50.
Bera A, Ghosh J, Singh AK, et al. Effect of kangaroo mother care on growth and development of low birthweight babies up to 12 months of age: a controlled clinical trial. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(6):643-50.
Bera, A., Ghosh, J., Singh, A. K., Hazra, A., Mukherjee, S., & Mukherjee, R. (2014). Effect of kangaroo mother care on growth and development of low birthweight babies up to 12 months of age: a controlled clinical trial. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 103(6), 643-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.12618
Bera A, et al. Effect of Kangaroo Mother Care On Growth and Development of Low Birthweight Babies Up to 12 Months of Age: a Controlled Clinical Trial. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(6):643-50. PubMed PMID: 24588543.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of kangaroo mother care on growth and development of low birthweight babies up to 12 months of age: a controlled clinical trial. AU - Bera,Alpanamayi, AU - Ghosh,Jagabandhu, AU - Singh,Arun K, AU - Hazra,Avijit, AU - Mukherjee,Suchandra, AU - Mukherjee,Ranajit, Y1 - 2014/03/24/ PY - 2013/07/06/received PY - 2013/12/23/revised PY - 2014/02/25/accepted PY - 2014/3/5/entrez PY - 2014/3/5/pubmed PY - 2015/1/13/medline KW - Development KW - Developmental Assessment Scales for Indian Infants KW - Growth KW - Kangaroo mother care KW - Newborn SP - 643 EP - 50 JF - Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) JO - Acta Paediatr VL - 103 IS - 6 N2 - AIM: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a nonconventional low-cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birthweight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months. METHODS: We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups of five, in a parallel group controlled clinical trial. The three infants with the lowest birthweight in each group received KMC, while the other two received conventional care. All babies were exclusively breastfed for 6 months. Babies in the intervention group were provided KMC until the infant was 40 weeks of corrected gestation or weighed 2500 g. Weight, length and head, chest and arm circumferences were evaluated at birth and at the corrected ages of 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Development was assessed using the Developmental Assessment Scales for Indian Infants (DASII) at 12 months. RESULTS: The KMC babies rapidly achieved physical growth parameters similar to the control babies at 40 weeks of corrected age. But after that, they surpassed them, despite being smaller at birth. DASII motor and mental development quotients were also significantly better for KMC babies. CONCLUSION: The infants in the KMC group showed better physical growth and development than the conventional control group. SN - 1651-2227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24588543/Effect_of_kangaroo_mother_care_on_growth_and_development_of_low_birthweight_babies_up_to_12_months_of_age:_a_controlled_clinical_trial_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.12618 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -