4-Functionalized 1,3-diarylpyrazoles bearing benzenesulfonamide moiety as selective potent inhibitors of the tumor associated carbonic anhydrase isoforms IX and XII.Eur J Med Chem. 2014 Apr 09; 76:284-90.EJ
A library of 4-functionalized 1,3-diarylpyrazoles (3a-3h, 5a-5g and 6a-6g) was designed, synthesized and evaluated against four human carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 22.214.171.124) isozymes representing two cytosolic isozymes hCA I and hCA II, and two transmembrane tumor associated ones, hCA IX and hCA XII. All the twenty two tested compounds exhibited excellent CA activity profile against the four CA isozymes when compared to the reference drug acetazolamide. Six of the tested compounds (3a-3b, 3f, 3h, 6a and 6b) displayed low nanomolar affinity (Ki < 5 nM) for hCA IX whereas seven compounds (3a-3b, 3d-3f, 3h and 6f) displayed Ki < 10 nM against hCA XII. In addition, they acted as selective CA inhibitors of isoforms IX and XII over the physiological isoforms I and II.