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Contextual effect of positive intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014; 111(11):3996-4000PN

Abstract

We assessed evidence for a contextual effect of positive intergroup contact, whereby the effect of intergroup contact between social contexts (the between-level effect) on outgroup prejudice is greater than the effect of individual-level contact within contexts (the within-level effect). Across seven large-scale surveys (five cross-sectional and two longitudinal), using multilevel analyses, we found a reliable contextual effect. This effect was found in multiple countries, operationalizing context at multiple levels (regions, districts, and neighborhoods), and with and without controlling for a range of demographic and context variables. In four studies (three cross-sectional and one longitudinal) we showed that the association between context-level contact and prejudice was largely mediated by more tolerant norms. In social contexts where positive contact with outgroups was more commonplace, norms supported such positive interactions between members of different groups. Thus, positive contact reduces prejudice on a macrolevel, whereby people are influenced by the behavior of others in their social context, not merely on a microscale, via individuals' direct experience of positive contact with outgroup members. These findings reinforce the view that contact has a significant role to play in prejudice reduction, and has great policy potential as a means to improve intergroup relations, because it can simultaneously impact large numbers of people.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, 35037 Marburg, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24591627

Citation

Christ, Oliver, et al. "Contextual Effect of Positive Intergroup Contact On Outgroup Prejudice." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 111, no. 11, 2014, pp. 3996-4000.
Christ O, Schmid K, Lolliot S, et al. Contextual effect of positive intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2014;111(11):3996-4000.
Christ, O., Schmid, K., Lolliot, S., Swart, H., Stolle, D., Tausch, N., ... Hewstone, M. (2014). Contextual effect of positive intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(11), pp. 3996-4000. doi:10.1073/pnas.1320901111.
Christ O, et al. Contextual Effect of Positive Intergroup Contact On Outgroup Prejudice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2014 Mar 18;111(11):3996-4000. PubMed PMID: 24591627.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contextual effect of positive intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice. AU - Christ,Oliver, AU - Schmid,Katharina, AU - Lolliot,Simon, AU - Swart,Hermann, AU - Stolle,Dietlind, AU - Tausch,Nicole, AU - Al Ramiah,Ananthi, AU - Wagner,Ulrich, AU - Vertovec,Steven, AU - Hewstone,Miles, Y1 - 2014/03/03/ PY - 2014/3/5/entrez PY - 2014/3/5/pubmed PY - 2014/5/30/medline KW - diversity KW - multilevel analysis KW - social norms KW - trust SP - 3996 EP - 4000 JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America JO - Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. VL - 111 IS - 11 N2 - We assessed evidence for a contextual effect of positive intergroup contact, whereby the effect of intergroup contact between social contexts (the between-level effect) on outgroup prejudice is greater than the effect of individual-level contact within contexts (the within-level effect). Across seven large-scale surveys (five cross-sectional and two longitudinal), using multilevel analyses, we found a reliable contextual effect. This effect was found in multiple countries, operationalizing context at multiple levels (regions, districts, and neighborhoods), and with and without controlling for a range of demographic and context variables. In four studies (three cross-sectional and one longitudinal) we showed that the association between context-level contact and prejudice was largely mediated by more tolerant norms. In social contexts where positive contact with outgroups was more commonplace, norms supported such positive interactions between members of different groups. Thus, positive contact reduces prejudice on a macrolevel, whereby people are influenced by the behavior of others in their social context, not merely on a microscale, via individuals' direct experience of positive contact with outgroup members. These findings reinforce the view that contact has a significant role to play in prejudice reduction, and has great policy potential as a means to improve intergroup relations, because it can simultaneously impact large numbers of people. SN - 1091-6490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24591627/Contextual_effect_of_positive_intergroup_contact_on_outgroup_prejudice_ L2 - http://www.pnas.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=24591627 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -