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Upper arm composition and nutritional status of school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria.
World J Pediatr. 2014 Nov; 10(4):336-42.WJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Upper arm composition is a reflection of body protein and calorie reserves. However, there is a paucity of data on upper arm composition of children from African countries, including Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the composition of upper arm and nutritional status of school children in Abeokuta, Nigeria and to compare with international reference standards. The sensitivity and specificity of upper arm muscle area by height (UAMAH) as a nutritional assessment tool was also determined.

METHODS

Five hundred and seventy children aged 5 to 19 years were selected from seven schools using multistage random sampling. Weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skin fold thickness (TSF) were measured. Body mass index, upper arm muscle area (UAMA), upper arm fat area (UAFA), fat percentage and UAMAH were derived.

RESULTS

The TSF, UAFA and fat percentage were significantly higher in females than males at each age group. MUAC and UAMA were significantly higher in female children aged 10-14 years, whereas UAMA was significantly higher in male children aged 15-19 years. UAMA and UAFA of the children were lower than those of Americans but similar to those of Zimbabweans, and higher than those of Indians. The sensitivity and specificity of UAMAH for detecting wasting were 80.8% and 63.9%, respectively, whereas the corresponding values for stunting were 32.2% and 58.2%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

The school children studied have a combination of poor calorie and protein reserve. UAMAH may be a valuable tool for complete evaluation of the nutritional status of school children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Lagos State University College of Medicine, PMB 21266, Ikeja, Lagos State, 100001, Nigeria, senbanjo001@yahoo.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24599617

Citation

Senbanjo, Idowu Odunayo, et al. "Upper Arm Composition and Nutritional Status of School Children and Adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria." World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP, vol. 10, no. 4, 2014, pp. 336-42.
Senbanjo IO, Oshikoya KA, Njokanma OF. Upper arm composition and nutritional status of school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. World J Pediatr. 2014;10(4):336-42.
Senbanjo, I. O., Oshikoya, K. A., & Njokanma, O. F. (2014). Upper arm composition and nutritional status of school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP, 10(4), 336-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12519-014-0470-4
Senbanjo IO, Oshikoya KA, Njokanma OF. Upper Arm Composition and Nutritional Status of School Children and Adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. World J Pediatr. 2014;10(4):336-42. PubMed PMID: 24599617.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Upper arm composition and nutritional status of school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. AU - Senbanjo,Idowu Odunayo, AU - Oshikoya,Kazeem Adeola, AU - Njokanma,Olisamedua Fidelis, Y1 - 2014/03/06/ PY - 2012/10/15/received PY - 2013/02/07/accepted PY - 2014/3/7/entrez PY - 2014/3/7/pubmed PY - 2015/8/28/medline SP - 336 EP - 42 JF - World journal of pediatrics : WJP JO - World J Pediatr VL - 10 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Upper arm composition is a reflection of body protein and calorie reserves. However, there is a paucity of data on upper arm composition of children from African countries, including Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the composition of upper arm and nutritional status of school children in Abeokuta, Nigeria and to compare with international reference standards. The sensitivity and specificity of upper arm muscle area by height (UAMAH) as a nutritional assessment tool was also determined. METHODS: Five hundred and seventy children aged 5 to 19 years were selected from seven schools using multistage random sampling. Weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skin fold thickness (TSF) were measured. Body mass index, upper arm muscle area (UAMA), upper arm fat area (UAFA), fat percentage and UAMAH were derived. RESULTS: The TSF, UAFA and fat percentage were significantly higher in females than males at each age group. MUAC and UAMA were significantly higher in female children aged 10-14 years, whereas UAMA was significantly higher in male children aged 15-19 years. UAMA and UAFA of the children were lower than those of Americans but similar to those of Zimbabweans, and higher than those of Indians. The sensitivity and specificity of UAMAH for detecting wasting were 80.8% and 63.9%, respectively, whereas the corresponding values for stunting were 32.2% and 58.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The school children studied have a combination of poor calorie and protein reserve. UAMAH may be a valuable tool for complete evaluation of the nutritional status of school children. SN - 1867-0687 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24599617/Upper_arm_composition_and_nutritional_status_of_school_children_and_adolescents_in_Abeokuta_Southwest_Nigeria_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -