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Phenomenology and psychopathology of excessive indoor tanning.
Int J Dermatol. 2014 Jun; 53(6):664-72.IJ

Abstract

Excessive indoor tanning, defined by the presence of an impulse towards and repetition of tanning that leads to personal distress, has only recently been recognized as a psychiatric disorder. This finding is based on the observations of many dermatologists who report the presence of addictive relationships with tanning salons among their patients despite being given diagnoses of malignant melanoma. This article synthesizes the existing literature on excessive indoor tanning and addiction to investigate possible associations. This review focuses on the prevalence, clinical features, etiology, and treatment of this disorder. A literature review was conducted, using PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE and PsycINFO, to identify articles published in English from 1974 to 2013. Excessive indoor tanning may be related to addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorder, impulse control disorder, seasonal affective disorder, anorexia, body dysmorphic disorder, or depression. Excessive indoor tanning can be included in the spectrum of addictive behavior because it has clinical characteristics in common with those of classic addictive disorders. It is frequently associated with anxiety, eating disorders, and tobacco dependence. Further controlled studies are required, especially in clinical psychopathology and neurobiology, to improve our understanding of excessive indoor tanning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Paris, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24601904

Citation

Petit, Aymeric, et al. "Phenomenology and Psychopathology of Excessive Indoor Tanning." International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 53, no. 6, 2014, pp. 664-72.
Petit A, Karila L, Chalmin F, et al. Phenomenology and psychopathology of excessive indoor tanning. Int J Dermatol. 2014;53(6):664-72.
Petit, A., Karila, L., Chalmin, F., & Lejoyeux, M. (2014). Phenomenology and psychopathology of excessive indoor tanning. International Journal of Dermatology, 53(6), 664-72. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.12336
Petit A, et al. Phenomenology and Psychopathology of Excessive Indoor Tanning. Int J Dermatol. 2014;53(6):664-72. PubMed PMID: 24601904.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenomenology and psychopathology of excessive indoor tanning. AU - Petit,Aymeric, AU - Karila,Laurent, AU - Chalmin,Florence, AU - Lejoyeux,Michel, Y1 - 2014/03/06/ PY - 2014/3/8/entrez PY - 2014/3/8/pubmed PY - 2015/1/8/medline SP - 664 EP - 72 JF - International journal of dermatology JO - Int. J. Dermatol. VL - 53 IS - 6 N2 - Excessive indoor tanning, defined by the presence of an impulse towards and repetition of tanning that leads to personal distress, has only recently been recognized as a psychiatric disorder. This finding is based on the observations of many dermatologists who report the presence of addictive relationships with tanning salons among their patients despite being given diagnoses of malignant melanoma. This article synthesizes the existing literature on excessive indoor tanning and addiction to investigate possible associations. This review focuses on the prevalence, clinical features, etiology, and treatment of this disorder. A literature review was conducted, using PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE and PsycINFO, to identify articles published in English from 1974 to 2013. Excessive indoor tanning may be related to addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorder, impulse control disorder, seasonal affective disorder, anorexia, body dysmorphic disorder, or depression. Excessive indoor tanning can be included in the spectrum of addictive behavior because it has clinical characteristics in common with those of classic addictive disorders. It is frequently associated with anxiety, eating disorders, and tobacco dependence. Further controlled studies are required, especially in clinical psychopathology and neurobiology, to improve our understanding of excessive indoor tanning. SN - 1365-4632 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24601904/Phenomenology_and_psychopathology_of_excessive_indoor_tanning_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.12336 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -