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Efficiency and interactions of alerting, orienting and executive networks: the impact of imperative stimulus type.
Acta Psychol (Amst) 2014; 148:209-15AP

Abstract

The Attention Network Test (ANT) generates measures of three attention networks: alerting, orienting and executive control. Arrows have been generally used as imperative stimuli in the different versions of this paradigm. However, it is unknown whether the directional nature of these stimuli can modulate the efficiency of the executive control and its interaction with alerting and orienting. We developed three ANT variants to examine attentional effects in response to directional and non-directional stimuli. Arrows (ANTI-A), colored fruits (ANTI-F) and black geometrical-shape (ANTI-G) were used as imperative stimuli (i.e., flanker stimuli). Data collected from fifty-two university students, in two experiments, showed that arrows stimuli produced a greater interference effect and a greater orienting effect as compared to the other stimuli. Moreover, only arrows modulated the interaction between executive control and orienting: a reduced flanker effect in spatially cued trials was only observed in ANTI-A. These results suggest that the directional value of the stimuli increases the conflict and modulates the efficiency of executive control and its interaction with orienting network.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Italy. Electronic address: alfredo.spagna@uniroma1.it.Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language, Spain. Electronic address: d.martella@bcbl.eu.Department of Psychology, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Italy. Electronic address: mara.sebastiani@uniroma1.it.Department of Psychology, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Italy. Electronic address: lisa.maccari@uniroma1.it.Department of Psychology, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Italy. Electronic address: andrea.marotta@uniroma1.it.Department of Psychology, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Italy. Electronic address: maria.casagrande@uniroma1.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24607440

Citation

Spagna, Alfredo, et al. "Efficiency and Interactions of Alerting, Orienting and Executive Networks: the Impact of Imperative Stimulus Type." Acta Psychologica, vol. 148, 2014, pp. 209-15.
Spagna A, Martella D, Sebastiani M, et al. Efficiency and interactions of alerting, orienting and executive networks: the impact of imperative stimulus type. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2014;148:209-15.
Spagna, A., Martella, D., Sebastiani, M., Maccari, L., Marotta, A., & Casagrande, M. (2014). Efficiency and interactions of alerting, orienting and executive networks: the impact of imperative stimulus type. Acta Psychologica, 148, pp. 209-15. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.02.007.
Spagna A, et al. Efficiency and Interactions of Alerting, Orienting and Executive Networks: the Impact of Imperative Stimulus Type. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2014;148:209-15. PubMed PMID: 24607440.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficiency and interactions of alerting, orienting and executive networks: the impact of imperative stimulus type. AU - Spagna,Alfredo, AU - Martella,Diana, AU - Sebastiani,Mara, AU - Maccari,Lisa, AU - Marotta,Andrea, AU - Casagrande,Maria, Y1 - 2014/03/06/ PY - 2013/07/03/received PY - 2014/02/12/revised PY - 2014/02/14/accepted PY - 2014/3/11/entrez PY - 2014/3/13/pubmed PY - 2014/11/7/medline KW - Attentional networks KW - Exogenous orienting KW - Flanker task KW - Phasic alerting SP - 209 EP - 15 JF - Acta psychologica JO - Acta Psychol (Amst) VL - 148 N2 - The Attention Network Test (ANT) generates measures of three attention networks: alerting, orienting and executive control. Arrows have been generally used as imperative stimuli in the different versions of this paradigm. However, it is unknown whether the directional nature of these stimuli can modulate the efficiency of the executive control and its interaction with alerting and orienting. We developed three ANT variants to examine attentional effects in response to directional and non-directional stimuli. Arrows (ANTI-A), colored fruits (ANTI-F) and black geometrical-shape (ANTI-G) were used as imperative stimuli (i.e., flanker stimuli). Data collected from fifty-two university students, in two experiments, showed that arrows stimuli produced a greater interference effect and a greater orienting effect as compared to the other stimuli. Moreover, only arrows modulated the interaction between executive control and orienting: a reduced flanker effect in spatially cued trials was only observed in ANTI-A. These results suggest that the directional value of the stimuli increases the conflict and modulates the efficiency of executive control and its interaction with orienting network. SN - 1873-6297 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24607440/Efficiency_and_interactions_of_alerting_orienting_and_executive_networks:_the_impact_of_imperative_stimulus_type_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001-6918(14)00059-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -