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Relations among behavioral inhibition, shame- and guilt-proneness, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical children.
Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2015 Apr; 46(2):209-16.CP

Abstract

This study examined relationships between the self-conscious emotions of shame and guilt, behavioral inhibition (as an index of anxiety proneness), and anxiety disorder symptoms in non-clinical children aged 8-13 years (N = 126), using children's self-report data. Results showed that there were positive and significant correlations between shame and guilt, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety disorders symptoms. When controlling for the overlap between shame and guilt, it was found that shame (but not guilt) remained significantly associated with higher levels of anxiety proneness and anxiety symptoms. Further, when controlling for the effect of behavioral inhibition, shame still accounted for a significant proportion of the variance of total anxiety and generalized anxiety scores. For these anxiety problems, support emerged for a model in which shame acted as a partial mediator in the relation between behavioral inhibition and anxiety. These results indicate that the self-conscious emotion of shame is a robust correlate of anxiety pathology in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands, peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24627240

Citation

Muris, Peter, et al. "Relations Among Behavioral Inhibition, Shame- and Guilt-proneness, and Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Non-clinical Children." Child Psychiatry and Human Development, vol. 46, no. 2, 2015, pp. 209-16.
Muris P, Meesters C, Bouwman L, et al. Relations among behavioral inhibition, shame- and guilt-proneness, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2015;46(2):209-16.
Muris, P., Meesters, C., Bouwman, L., & Notermans, S. (2015). Relations among behavioral inhibition, shame- and guilt-proneness, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 46(2), 209-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0457-3
Muris P, et al. Relations Among Behavioral Inhibition, Shame- and Guilt-proneness, and Anxiety Disorders Symptoms in Non-clinical Children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2015;46(2):209-16. PubMed PMID: 24627240.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relations among behavioral inhibition, shame- and guilt-proneness, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical children. AU - Muris,Peter, AU - Meesters,Cor, AU - Bouwman,Leanne, AU - Notermans,Sabine, PY - 2014/3/15/entrez PY - 2014/3/15/pubmed PY - 2016/8/31/medline SP - 209 EP - 16 JF - Child psychiatry and human development JO - Child Psychiatry Hum Dev VL - 46 IS - 2 N2 - This study examined relationships between the self-conscious emotions of shame and guilt, behavioral inhibition (as an index of anxiety proneness), and anxiety disorder symptoms in non-clinical children aged 8-13 years (N = 126), using children's self-report data. Results showed that there were positive and significant correlations between shame and guilt, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety disorders symptoms. When controlling for the overlap between shame and guilt, it was found that shame (but not guilt) remained significantly associated with higher levels of anxiety proneness and anxiety symptoms. Further, when controlling for the effect of behavioral inhibition, shame still accounted for a significant proportion of the variance of total anxiety and generalized anxiety scores. For these anxiety problems, support emerged for a model in which shame acted as a partial mediator in the relation between behavioral inhibition and anxiety. These results indicate that the self-conscious emotion of shame is a robust correlate of anxiety pathology in children. SN - 1573-3327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24627240/Relations_among_behavioral_inhibition_shame__and_guilt_proneness_and_anxiety_disorders_symptoms_in_non_clinical_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0457-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -