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Changes in the calibre of the upper airway and the surrounding structures after maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnoea.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014 May; 52(5):445-51.BJ

Abstract

Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is effective in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea. We aimed to assess changes in the calibre of the upper airway, facial skeleton, and surrounding structural position after MMA and their association with improvement in symptoms. Sixteen consecutive adults with moderate-to-severe apnoea were treated by primary MMA. Polysomnography and computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck were done before and at least 6 months after MMA. The calibre of the upper airway, the facial skeleton, and the surrounding structures were measured with image analysis software. After MMA, patients had a significant reduction in their apnoea-hypopnoea index (31.2 (18.8)number of events (n)/hour (h)). The mean (SD) volume of the airway increased significantly in the velopharynx (p<0.01), oropharynx (p=0.001), and hypopharynx (p<0.001) (by 2.3 (2.4), 2.1 (2.6), and 1.7 (1.1)cm(3), respectively) and the length of the airway was significantly decreased (by 3.1 (3.5)mm p<0.01). The soft palate (p<0.001), tongue (p<0.001), and hyoid (p=0.001) moved significantly anteriorly (by 4.4 (2.0), 7.5 (2.8), and 5.7 (5.0)mm, respectively), and these movements were related to the MMA (r=0.6-0.8). The improvement in the apnoea-hypopnoea index was associated with both maxillary advancement and anterior movements of the soft palate and hyoid (r=0.6-0.7). The results of this study suggest that MMA increases the volume in the upper airway and reduces its length. Improvement in obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with the extent of the anterior movements of the maxilla, soft palate, and hyoid.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Craniofacial Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; Department of Craniofacial Orthodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.Craniofacial Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; Department of Craniofacial Orthodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Sleep Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address: yufang@cgmh.org.tw.Sleep Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.Craniofacial Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; Sleep Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24629456

Citation

Hsieh, Yuh-Jia, et al. "Changes in the Calibre of the Upper Airway and the Surrounding Structures After Maxillomandibular Advancement for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea." The British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 52, no. 5, 2014, pp. 445-51.
Hsieh YJ, Liao YF, Chen NH, et al. Changes in the calibre of the upper airway and the surrounding structures after maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnoea. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;52(5):445-51.
Hsieh, Y. J., Liao, Y. F., Chen, N. H., & Chen, Y. R. (2014). Changes in the calibre of the upper airway and the surrounding structures after maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnoea. The British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, 52(5), 445-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2014.02.006
Hsieh YJ, et al. Changes in the Calibre of the Upper Airway and the Surrounding Structures After Maxillomandibular Advancement for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;52(5):445-51. PubMed PMID: 24629456.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in the calibre of the upper airway and the surrounding structures after maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnoea. AU - Hsieh,Yuh-Jia, AU - Liao,Yu-Fang, AU - Chen,Ning-Hung, AU - Chen,Yu-Ray, Y1 - 2014/03/12/ PY - 2013/08/06/received PY - 2014/02/07/accepted PY - 2014/3/18/entrez PY - 2014/3/19/pubmed PY - 2015/10/6/medline KW - Maxillomandibular advancement KW - Segmental osteotomy KW - Sleep apnoea SP - 445 EP - 51 JF - The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery JO - Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg VL - 52 IS - 5 N2 - Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is effective in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea. We aimed to assess changes in the calibre of the upper airway, facial skeleton, and surrounding structural position after MMA and their association with improvement in symptoms. Sixteen consecutive adults with moderate-to-severe apnoea were treated by primary MMA. Polysomnography and computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck were done before and at least 6 months after MMA. The calibre of the upper airway, the facial skeleton, and the surrounding structures were measured with image analysis software. After MMA, patients had a significant reduction in their apnoea-hypopnoea index (31.2 (18.8)number of events (n)/hour (h)). The mean (SD) volume of the airway increased significantly in the velopharynx (p<0.01), oropharynx (p=0.001), and hypopharynx (p<0.001) (by 2.3 (2.4), 2.1 (2.6), and 1.7 (1.1)cm(3), respectively) and the length of the airway was significantly decreased (by 3.1 (3.5)mm p<0.01). The soft palate (p<0.001), tongue (p<0.001), and hyoid (p=0.001) moved significantly anteriorly (by 4.4 (2.0), 7.5 (2.8), and 5.7 (5.0)mm, respectively), and these movements were related to the MMA (r=0.6-0.8). The improvement in the apnoea-hypopnoea index was associated with both maxillary advancement and anterior movements of the soft palate and hyoid (r=0.6-0.7). The results of this study suggest that MMA increases the volume in the upper airway and reduces its length. Improvement in obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with the extent of the anterior movements of the maxilla, soft palate, and hyoid. SN - 1532-1940 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24629456/Changes_in_the_calibre_of_the_upper_airway_and_the_surrounding_structures_after_maxillomandibular_advancement_for_obstructive_sleep_apnoea_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0266-4356(14)00065-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -