Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Association of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Age Ageing. 2015 Jan; 44(1):96-102.AA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

several studies have found nutrients, including antioxidants, to be associated with sarcopenia. However, whether specific foods, such as vegetables and fruits, are associated with sarcopenia has not been studied.

OBJECTIVE

to examine the association of the frequency of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older people.

METHODS

this study used cross-sectional data from the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2008-09. Subjects were community-dwelling 823 men and 1,089 women aged ≥65 years. Frequency of food group consumption was obtained by using the food frequency questionnaire. Body composition was measured with the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and sarcopenia was defined as appendicular lean mass adjusted for height and fat mass. Logistic regression was used to assess the association of the frequency of food group consumption with sarcopenia, controlling for sociodemographics and health-related variables.

RESULTS

dietary intake of vegetables, fruits and both vegetables and fruits was associated with a significantly reduced risk of sarcopenia after controlling for covariates in men (P = 0.026 for trend, P = 0.012 for trend, P = 0.003 for trend, respectively). Men in the highest quintile, compared with those in the lowest quintile, of vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.24-0.95], fruits (OR = 0.30; 95% CI: 0.13-0.70) and vegetables and fruits consumption (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16-0.67) demonstrated a lower risk of sarcopenia. In women, high consumption of fruits demonstrated a lower risk of sarcopenia (OR = 0.39; 95% CI: 0.18-0.83).

CONCLUSION

frequent vegetables and fruits consumption was inversely associated with sarcopenia in older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Suwon, Republic of Korea Institute on Aging, Ajou University Medical Center, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Republic of Korea.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Suwon, Republic of Korea Institute on Aging, Ajou University Medical Center, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Republic of Korea.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Institute on Aging, Ajou University Medical Center, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Republic of Korea Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.Institute on Aging, Ajou University Medical Center, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Republic of Korea Department of Family Practice and Community Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24646604

Citation

Kim, Jinhee, et al. "Association of Vegetables and Fruits Consumption With Sarcopenia in Older Adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." Age and Ageing, vol. 44, no. 1, 2015, pp. 96-102.
Kim J, Lee Y, Kye S, et al. Association of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age Ageing. 2015;44(1):96-102.
Kim, J., Lee, Y., Kye, S., Chung, Y. S., & Kim, K. M. (2015). Association of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age and Ageing, 44(1), 96-102. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afu028
Kim J, et al. Association of Vegetables and Fruits Consumption With Sarcopenia in Older Adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age Ageing. 2015;44(1):96-102. PubMed PMID: 24646604.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older adults: the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Kim,Jinhee, AU - Lee,Yunhwan, AU - Kye,Seunghee, AU - Chung,Yoon-Sok, AU - Kim,Kwang-Min, Y1 - 2014/03/18/ PY - 2014/3/21/entrez PY - 2014/3/22/pubmed PY - 2015/8/4/medline KW - aged KW - diet KW - fruits KW - older people KW - sarcopenia KW - vegetables SP - 96 EP - 102 JF - Age and ageing JO - Age Ageing VL - 44 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: several studies have found nutrients, including antioxidants, to be associated with sarcopenia. However, whether specific foods, such as vegetables and fruits, are associated with sarcopenia has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: to examine the association of the frequency of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older people. METHODS: this study used cross-sectional data from the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2008-09. Subjects were community-dwelling 823 men and 1,089 women aged ≥65 years. Frequency of food group consumption was obtained by using the food frequency questionnaire. Body composition was measured with the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and sarcopenia was defined as appendicular lean mass adjusted for height and fat mass. Logistic regression was used to assess the association of the frequency of food group consumption with sarcopenia, controlling for sociodemographics and health-related variables. RESULTS: dietary intake of vegetables, fruits and both vegetables and fruits was associated with a significantly reduced risk of sarcopenia after controlling for covariates in men (P = 0.026 for trend, P = 0.012 for trend, P = 0.003 for trend, respectively). Men in the highest quintile, compared with those in the lowest quintile, of vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.24-0.95], fruits (OR = 0.30; 95% CI: 0.13-0.70) and vegetables and fruits consumption (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16-0.67) demonstrated a lower risk of sarcopenia. In women, high consumption of fruits demonstrated a lower risk of sarcopenia (OR = 0.39; 95% CI: 0.18-0.83). CONCLUSION: frequent vegetables and fruits consumption was inversely associated with sarcopenia in older adults. SN - 1468-2834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24646604/Association_of_vegetables_and_fruits_consumption_with_sarcopenia_in_older_adults:_the_Fourth_Korea_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ageing/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ageing/afu028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -