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Regional variation in travel-related illness acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Apr; 20(4):532-41.EI

Abstract

To understand geographic variation in travel-related illness acquired in distinct African regions, we used the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network database to analyze records for 16,893 ill travelers returning from Africa over a 14-year period. Travelers to northern Africa most commonly reported gastrointestinal illnesses and dog bites. Febrile illnesses were more common in travelers returning from sub-Saharan countries. Eleven travelers died, 9 of malaria; these deaths occurred mainly among male business travelers to sub-Saharan Africa. The profile of illness varied substantially by region: malaria predominated in travelers returning from Central and Western Africa; schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis, and dengue from Eastern and Western Africa; and loaisis from Central Africa. There were few reports of vaccine-preventable infections, HIV infection, and tuberculosis. Geographic profiling of illness acquired during travel to Africa guides targeted pretravel advice, expedites diagnosis in ill returning travelers, and may influence destination choices in tourism.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24655358

Citation

Mendelson, Marc, et al. "Regional Variation in Travel-related Illness Acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 20, no. 4, 2014, pp. 532-41.
Mendelson M, Han PV, Vincent P, et al. Regional variation in travel-related illness acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011. Emerging Infect Dis. 2014;20(4):532-41.
Mendelson, M., Han, P. V., Vincent, P., von Sonnenburg, F., Cramer, J. P., Loutan, L., Kain, K. C., Parola, P., Hagmann, S., Gkrania-Klotsas, E., Sotir, M., & Schlagenhauf, P. (2014). Regional variation in travel-related illness acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(4), 532-41. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2004.131128
Mendelson M, et al. Regional Variation in Travel-related Illness Acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011. Emerging Infect Dis. 2014;20(4):532-41. PubMed PMID: 24655358.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Regional variation in travel-related illness acquired in Africa, March 1997-May 2011. AU - Mendelson,Marc, AU - Han,Pauline V, AU - Vincent,Peter, AU - von Sonnenburg,Frank, AU - Cramer,Jakob P, AU - Loutan,Louis, AU - Kain,Kevin C, AU - Parola,Philippe, AU - Hagmann,Stefan, AU - Gkrania-Klotsas,Effrossyni, AU - Sotir,Mark, AU - Schlagenhauf,Patricia, AU - ,, PY - 2014/3/25/entrez PY - 2014/3/25/pubmed PY - 2014/12/17/medline KW - Africa KW - HIV KW - bacteria KW - dengue KW - diarrhea KW - endemic KW - enteric KW - falciparum KW - helminth KW - malaria KW - malariae KW - ovale KW - parasites KW - plasmodium KW - podcast KW - rabies KW - respiratory KW - schistosomiasis KW - strongyloidiasis KW - travel KW - tuberculosis and other mycobacteria KW - vaccine KW - vector KW - vector-borne infections KW - viruses KW - vivax KW - zoonoses SP - 532 EP - 41 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerging Infect. Dis. VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - To understand geographic variation in travel-related illness acquired in distinct African regions, we used the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network database to analyze records for 16,893 ill travelers returning from Africa over a 14-year period. Travelers to northern Africa most commonly reported gastrointestinal illnesses and dog bites. Febrile illnesses were more common in travelers returning from sub-Saharan countries. Eleven travelers died, 9 of malaria; these deaths occurred mainly among male business travelers to sub-Saharan Africa. The profile of illness varied substantially by region: malaria predominated in travelers returning from Central and Western Africa; schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis, and dengue from Eastern and Western Africa; and loaisis from Central Africa. There were few reports of vaccine-preventable infections, HIV infection, and tuberculosis. Geographic profiling of illness acquired during travel to Africa guides targeted pretravel advice, expedites diagnosis in ill returning travelers, and may influence destination choices in tourism. SN - 1080-6059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24655358/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2004.131128 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -